LÝ THUYẾT VÀ BÀI TẬP NÂNG CAO ANH VĂN LỚP 11

UNIT 9        THE POST OFFICE

A – Vocabulary:

Reading:

 1. Serve (v)                               /səːv/                     : phục vụ

è Service (n)                          /ˈsəːvis/

è Servant (n)                         /ˈsəːvənt/

 2. Transfer (v)                       /trӕnsˈfəː/             : chuyển, nhượng.

è Transferable (adj)                /træns’fə:rəb(ə)l/  

 3. Equip (v)                           /I’kwip/   : (with)  : trang bị

è Equipment (n)                    /I’kwipm(ə)nt/

 4. Space (n)                            /pies/                  : không gian

è Spacious (adj)                    /’speiʃəs/               : rông rãi

 5. Well – trained (adj)                                        :được đào tạo tốt

 6. Thoughtful (adj)                /’θɔ:tful/                : chu đáo, ân cần

   = Considerate                       /kənˈsid(ə)rət/      

èThoughtful (a)                     /’θɔ:tful/                : nghĩ ngợi

èThoughtfully (adv)             

èThoughtfulness (n)

 7. Technology (n)                       /tekˈnolədʒi/                   : kỹ thuật

è Technological (a)                /teknə’lɔʤik(ə)l/

èTechnologically (adv)

 8. Courteous (adj)                  /ˈkəːtiəs/               

   = Polite                                 /pəˈlait/                 : lịch sự, nhã nhặn

èCourteously (adv)

èCourtesy (n)

  9. Parcel (n)                          /ˈpaːs(ə)l/              : bưu phẩm

10. Mail and Parcel Service                                  : dịch vụ chuyển phát thư và bưu phẩm

11. Surface mail                                                   : thư gởi đường bộ, đường biển

12. EMS: Express Mail Service                                    : dịch vụ chuyển phát thư nhanh

13. Deliver (v)                         /diˈlivə/                 : phân phát

èDelivery (n)

14. Possible (adj)                     /ˈposəb(ə)l/           :có thể

èPossibly (adv)

èPossibility (n)

15. Speedy (adj)                      /spiːdi/   = rapid   : tốc độ

èSpeedily (adv)

èSpeed (v) (up)

16. Secure (adj)                       /siˈkjuə/                :bảo đảm, an ninh

èSecurity (n)                          /si’kjuəriti/            : sự bảo đảm

èSecure (v) (sth again sth)

17. Recipient (n)                     /rɪˈsɪpiənt/

   = Receiver (n)                       /rəˈsiːv/                 : người nhận

18. Notify (v)                          /ˈnəutifai/              : thông báo

   = Inform (v)

èNotification (n)                    /noutifi’keiʃ(ə)n/

19. Facsimile (n, v)                  /fӕkˈsiməli/           : bản sao, bản chép

20. Transmission (n)               /trænz’miʃ(ə )n/    : sự truyền, sự phát

èTransmit (v)                                                     : truyền, phát

21. Graphics (n)                      /ˈɡræfɪks/              : hình vẽ, đồ họa

22. Bother (v)                         /ˈboðə/                  : bỏ công, bỏ sức

èBother (n)                                                         : điều phiền toái

23. Subscribe (v)                     /səbˈskraib/           : đặt mua (báo dài hạn)

                                                                             : thuê bao (ĐTDĐ)

èSubscriber (n)                                                   : người thuê bao

èSubscription (n)                                                         : tiền thuê bao

24. Cramp (v)                         /krӕmp/

25. Cramped (adj)                                                         : chật hẹp, tù túng

26. Unique (adj)                      /juːˈniːk/                : có một không hai

27. Communicate (v)              /kəˈmjuːnikeit/      : truyền đạt thông tin

èCommunicative (adj)                                       

èCommunicator (n), Communication (n)

Speaking:

28. Install (v)                          /inˈstoːl/                : lắp đặt, cài đặt

è Installation (n)                    /instə’leiʃ(ə)n/      

29. Register (v)                       /ˈredʒistə/              : đăng kí

è Registration (n)                           

30. Clerk                                 / kləːk/                  : thư ký

   = Secretary (n)                      /ˈsekrət(ə)ri/                            

Listening:

31. Commune (n)                      /ˈkomjuːn/               : xã, làng

èCommunal (adj)                  /’kɔmjun(ə )l/         : chung, công cộng

   = Shared (adj)                       /ʃe:/

32. Rural (adj)                        /ˈruər(ə)l/               : thuộc nông thôn

  ≠ Urban (adj)                         /ˈəːb(ə)n/                : thuộc thành thị

33. Network (n)                      /ˈnet.wɜːk/              : mạng lưới

34. Capacity (n)                      /kəˈpӕsəti/             : sức chứa, dung lượng

I. Word form:

  1. What I like best about the house is its ____________ kitchen. (space)
  2. It was ___________ of you to send the flowers on my birthday. (thought)
  3. Classes are based on discussion rather than the one – way ________ of knowledge. (transmit)
  4. __________ to the magazine can take advantage of this special offer. (subscribe)
  5. __________ of the new lift will take several days. (install)
  6. The new organization is mainly concerned with the preservation of peace and international ___________________ (secure)
  7. He didn’t even have the ____________ to offer me a sear when he saw me. (courteous)
  8. We sent him a card that said “Best wishes for a ____________ recovery” (speed)
  9. The letter was ____________ to his office by post. (deliver)
  10.  Her education was _________ by her lack of money. (cramp)
  11. The ___________ of students for the course will begin on Thursday morning. (register)
  12. I’ll do everything ___________ to help you. (possibility)

 

 

II. Complete the sentences with ONE suitable word.

 

 

Competitive            Distribution            Transmission            Spaciousness        Courtesy

Subscription           Delivery                  Dissatisfied               Transferable                   Secure

  1. It’s only common ______________ to thank someone when they help.
  2. There’s free ____________________ on order over $25.
  3. Do you wish to take out a full twelve – month ________________ to the journal?
  4. We offer a wide range of goods at very __________________ prices.
  5. If you are ___________ with our service, please write to the manager.
  6. This ticket is only used by the person who bought it. It is not ____________
  7. Fax ___________ has now become a cheap and convenient way to transmit texts over distances.
  8. White walls can give a feeling of _____________________
  9. The map shows the _______________ of this species across the world.
  10. The future of the company looks ______________________________

III. Combine the following sentences, using relative clauses:

The student is from China. He sits next to me.

è_________________________________________________

  1. I thanked the woman. She had helped me a lot.

è_________________________________________________

  1. That professor is excellent. I’m taking his course.

è_________________________________________________

  1. Mr. Smith said he was too busy to speak to me. I had come to see him.

è_________________________________________________

  1. The man is my father. I respect his opinion most.

è_________________________________________________

  1. The taxi driver is friendly. He took me to the airport.

è_________________________________________________

  1. I liked the composition. You wrote it.

è_________________________________________________

  1. The people were very nice. We visited them yesterday.

è_________________________________________________

  1. The music is being played on the radio. Do you know it?

è_________________________________________________

  1. The boy and the dog have been found. They were lost forest hunt.

è_________________________________________________

  1. Scotland is a part of the United Kingdom. It has a lot of mountains.

è_________________________________________________

  1. Helen and Peter arrived late. They missed the bus.

è_________________________________________________

  1. This song is on their latest. They missed the bus.

è_________________________________________________

  1. Mary learns very well at school. Her father works for a big company.

è_________________________________________________

  1. That train leaves from here. It goes to Phan Thiet.

è_________________________________________________

  1. The people had to wait for a long time. Their luggage was lost.

è_________________________________________________

III. Transformation:

  1. You sent me a present. Thank you very much for it.
  • Thank you ________________________________________
  1. He has shown her twenty hats. She likes none of them.
  • He has ___________________________________________
  1. I was sitting on a chair. It suddenly collapsed.
  • The chair _________________________________________
  1. The couple living in the house next door are both college professors.
  • The couple who ____________________________________
  1. An industrious man is sure to get on.
  • A man who _______________________________________
  1. Few people could follow the speaker, as he spoke extremely quickly.
  • Few people ______________________________________
  1. You are wearing the shoes. They look rather expensive.
  • The shoes _______________________________________
  1. Jill isn’t on the phone. This makes it difficult to contact her.
  • Jill isn’t ________________________________________
  1. The house built in 1906 is being demolished.
  • The house which _________________________________
  1. I am looking after some children. They are terribly spoilt.
  • The children I ___________________________________

C – Multiple choice:

I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently

  1. A. facsimile                    B. transfer                      C. fax                                      D. spacious
  2. A. telephone                            B. friend                         C. ready                         D. speedy
  3. A. subscribe                            B. facsimile                    C. pride                          D. provide
  4. A. spacious                    B. complete                    C. document                            D. courteous
  5. A. commune                  B. security                     C. punctuality                D. distribute

II. Choose the word whose stress is placed differently

  1. A. technology                B. competitive               C. facsimile                    D. document
  2. A. courteous                            B. subscribe                             C. service                       D. customer
  3. A. thought                     B. deliver                       C. surface                       D. parcel
  4. A. secure                        B. relative                      C. money                       D. limit
  5. A. original                      B. distance                     C. receive                       D. advantage

III. Choose the best answer.

  1. We would like to buy the house ____________ overlooks West Lake.

A. who                           B. whose                        C. where                        D. which

  1. “Urban” is the antonym of “_____________________”

A. city                            B. country                      C. rural                          D. suburb

  1. The newspapers ________________ is made once a day.

A. deliver                       B. delivered                    C. delivery                     D. to deliver

  1. Have they notified you ________________ the delivery date?

A. about                         B. on                              C. of                               D. with

  1. I don’t know the girl ______________ is wearing a long blue dress.

A. whom                        B. whose                        C. which                        D. who

  1. The letter _____________ she received this morning is from the USA.

A. which                        B. that                            C. whom                        D. A & B are correct

  1. A __________ is place where you can buy stamps, send letters, etc.

A. bookshop                           B. market                       C. post office                 D. station

  1. The date of the seminar must be notified by the monitor.

A. decided                      B. intended                    C. marked                      D. informed

  1. We’re very pleased because the hotel staff was friendly and courteous.

A. nice                           B. enthusiastic               C. polite                         D. active

  1. It’s only common ____________ to tell the neighbors that we’ll be having a party.

A. courtesy                    B. idea                           C. impoliteness              D. advice

  1. The street is very noisy, _______________ makes sleeping difficult.

A. what                          B. which                        C. that                            D. where

  1. We spent our holiday in Rome, ______________ the capital of Italy.

A. that is                        B. which is                     C. where is                     D. where

  1. Mr. Smith, _____________ is only 34, is the director of this company.

A. who                           B. whom                        C. that                            D. A & C are correct

  1. My sister went with _______________________ she liked.

A. Paul, that                            B. Paul, whom               C. Paul whom                D. Paul who

  1. He invited _____________ lives in the next flat, to go to the cinema with him.

A. Linda, whom             B. Linda, who                C. Linda, that                 D. Linda, whose

  1. The Titanic _____________ sank in 1922, was supposed to be unsinkable.

A. whose                        B. that                            C. which                        D. ,which

  1. Peter was looking after a dog ____________ leg had been broken

A. which                        B. what                          C. whose                        D. ,whose

  1. The Earth ____________ is the fifth largest planet in the solar system, is very beautiful.

A. who                           B. which                        C. ,that                           D. ,which

  1. People who exercise regularly have great physical endurance than those __________.

A. who doesn’t              B. that doesn’t               C. who don’t                 D. which don’t

IV. Identify the error:

  1. The girl is standing over there is from Australia.

   A                B            C    D

  1. This is the boy studies with me in high school.

A                B                C        D

  1. Our post office offers a special mail service which is particular fast.

       A                   B                          C                D

  1. With the E.M.S your letters will delivered in the shortest possible time.

A                          B                 C                          D

  1. Mrs. White, that teaches me English, is coming today.

A       B                          C                 D

  1. I wish can always pass the exams.

   A             B       C           D

  1. In summer, Peter usually plays the tennis every day.

      A                        B               C              D

  1. Music is clear different from language.

   A        B             C                 D

  1. People can use to music  to express their emotions.

    A      B        C                                   D

  1. Music plays an importance part in our life.

   A        B             C                          D

  1. Modern music  is popular for young people all over the world.

     A                         B                C                 D

D – More reading:

Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.

Before the telephone invented by Alexander Graham. Bell in 1876, it was hard for people to

(1) _____________ over long distances. They wrote letters to each other. It could take days or even weeks for letters to be (2) _____________

Then people learned how to send telegraph messages. The messages travelled as electric signals that represented a code of (3) _____________ and dashes. An operator on the other end converted the dots and dashes (4) ___________ regular message. Bell’s first telephone call went over the same wires used for telegraph message. As the telephone became (5) ___________ and more popular, it largely

(6) ________ the telegraph.

Today our huge telephone (7) __________ does many things besides carrying telephone calls. It sends copies of letters and pictures from one machine to another, called a (8) ___________ machine. It connects computers all over the world into another vast network called the Internet. This network lets you send (9) __________ messages from your (10) ____________ to your friends’ computers. It is hard to imagine what life would be like without the telephone.

  1. A. visit                 B. write                C. meet                          D. communicate
  2. A. seen                 B. arrived             C. delivered                    D. coming
  3. A stops                B. dots                 C. points                        D. spots
  4. A. out                            B. to                     C. in                               D. into
  5. A. more                B. less                  C. better                         D. much
  6. A. took                 B. covered            C. replaced                     D. placed
  7. A. work                B. net                             C. network                     D. machine
  8. A. phone              B. fax                             C. printing                     D. telegraph
  9. A. e – mail            B. chat                  C. letter                          D. word
  10. A. house               B. office                C. table                          D. computer

Unit 10    NATUREN DANGER

A – Vocabulary

Reading:

 1. Nature (n)                           /ˈneitʃə/                           : thiên nhiên, tự nhiên

èNatural (adj)                        /ˈnӕtʃ(ə)r(ə)l/

èNaturally (adv)                    /ˈnӕtʃ(ə)rəl/

 2. Danger (n)                          /ˈdein(d)ʒə/                     : nguy hiểm

èDangerous (adj)                             /ˈdeɪn.dʒər.əs/

èDangerously (adv)

 3. Endanger (v)                      /inˈdein(d)ʒə/                  : gây nguy hiểm

 4. Species (n)                                    /ˈspiːʃiːz/                         : loài

 5. Cheetah (n)                        /ˈtʃiːtə/                            : loài báo gêpa

 6. Scatter (v)                           /ˈskӕtə/                          : rài rác, phân tán

 7. Panda (n)                                    /ˈpӕndə/                         : gấu trúc

 8. Pollutant (n)                                                             : chất gây ô nhiễm

èPollute (v)                            /pəˈluːt/                          : gây ô nhiễm

èPolluter (n)                                                                 : người gây ô nhiễm

èPollution (n)                         /pə'lu:ʃ(ə)n/                     : sự ô nhiễm

  9. Respect (n)                         /rəˈspekt/                       : phương diện, khía cạnh

10. Rare (adj)                          /ˈreə/                               : hiếm có

èRarely (adv)    

11. Prohibit                                       /prəˈhibit/

   = Prevent (v)                         /priˈvent/

èProhibition (n)                     /prəuiˈbiʃən/

12. Interfere (v)                       /intəˈfiə/                          : can thiệp, chen vào

èInterference (n)                     /ɪn.təˈfɪər(ə)ns/

13. Survive (v)                        /səˈvaiv/

èSurvival (n)                          /səˈvaɪ.v(ə)l/

èSurvivor (n)                         /səˈvaiv/

14. Peace (n)                            /piːs/                               : hòa bình

èPeaceful (adj)                       /'pi:sful/

15. Co – exist (v)                     /kəuiɡˈzist/                     : cùng tồn tại

16. Co – existence (n)              /'kəuig'zistəns/     

Speaking:

17. Extinct (adj)                      /ikˈstiŋkt/                        : tuyệt chủng

èExtinction (n)                       /ikˈstiŋkʃ(ə)n/

18. Capture (v)                        /ˈkæp.tʃər/                      : bắt giữ

19. Fur (n)                               /fəː/                                 : lông thú

20. Fertilize (v)                        /'fə:tilaiz/                        : bón phân

èFertilizer (n)                                                               : phân bón

21. Pesticide (n)                       /ˈpes.tɪ.saɪd/                             : thuốc trừ sâu

22. Cultivation (n)                  /kʌlti'veiʃ(e)n/                 : sự trồng trọt

èCultivate (v)                         /ˈkaltiveit/            

23. Cultivated (adj)                                                       : có canh tác (đất)

24. Discharge (v)                     /disˈtʃaːdʒ/                      : thải ra, đổ ra

25. Measure (n)                       /ˈmeʒə/                           : biện pháp

26. Encourage (v)                             /inˈkaridʒ/                      : khuyến khích

27. ≠ Discourage (v)                /disˈkaridʒ/                     : ngăn cản

28. Impact (n + v)                             /ˈimpӕkt/                       : tác động, ảnh hưởng

Listening:

29. Devastate (v)                     /ˈdevəsteit/                     : tàn phá

30. Approximately (adv)        /əˈproksimət/                  : khoảng chừng

31. Maintenance (n)               /'meint(ə)nəns/                : sự bảo quản

Writing

32. Figure (n)                          /ˈfiɡə/                             : số liệu

33. Coastal (adj)                     /'koustəl/                        : duyên hải

B – Practice:

I. Word form:

1.Many species of plants and animals are in danger of ____________. (extinct)

2.His only chance of ___________ was a heart transplant. (survive)

3.It is their _______________ to ensure that the rules are enforced. (responsible)

4.The companies that ___________ the environment are fined. (pollutant)

5.We are ____________ from drinking alcohol during working are fined. (prohibit)

6.The best we can hope for is a state of peaceful ____________ between East and West. (coexist)

7.The health of our children is being __________ by exhaust fumes. (danger)

8.The sea turtle is an ______________ species. (danger)

9.Great efforts have been made to reduce levels of environmental __________ (pollute)

10. Human beings are destroying the air by adding ________ to it. (pollute)

 

 

II. Fill the sentences with the suitable word in the box:

          Pollutants – endangered – scattered – coexist – polluted

          Danger – discharging – prohibit – protect – captured

  1.  Animals shouldn’t be ___________ for recreation and entertainment.
  2.  The health of our children is being ____________ by exhaust fumes.
  3.  The factory was fined for ____________ chemicals into the river.
  4.  The explosion ____________ a flock of birds roosting in the trees.
  5.  Laws have been introduced to _______________ killing endangered animals.
  6.  The air in the city is heavily ________________ with traffic fumes.
  7.  The government should do more to _______________ the environment
  8.   It is possible for local wildlife to _____________ with industry.
  9.   How many factory workers are in _____________ of losing their job?
  10.   The government should pay much attention to chemical ______________

III. Relative pronouns with prepositions:

  1.  He is studying archaeology. I know nothing about this subject.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  The people like her very much. She works with them.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  Mr & Mrs. Lee live in Shanghai. We went on holiday with them.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  She was left the money by her former husband. She was divorced from him in 1996.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  I’ve read both the reports. I agree with neither of them.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  The shop is closed. I bought the shoes from it.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  The girl is very pretty and intelligent. I introduced you to her.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  He gave me a lot of books. Most of them were very useful.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  The man is a good friend of mine. I borrowed the money from him.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  The school will be given 50 computers. Half of them are brand – new.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  Lan’s party is next Sunday evening. We are all invited to it.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  Mrs. Johnson apologized for the mistake. The mistake made his wife upset.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  I have heard on the violin & piano. She plays both of them extremely.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  The film “The Lost World” is showing next week. I’ve heard good reports about it.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  They’re changed the date. The sofa is to be delivered on that date.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  My neighbor works as a postman. You talked to him yesterday.
  • ___________________________________________________
  1.  This is the building. I told you about the building.
  • ___________________________________________________

C – Multiple choice:

I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently

  1. A. scatter                       B. nature                        C. danger                       D. race
  2. A. exactly                      B. exist                          C. exhaust                      D. extinct
  3. A. feature                       B. species                       C. weather                     D. decrease
  4. A. survive                      B. prohibit                     C. fertilizer                     D. environment
  5. A. decreased                   B. influenced                  C. endangered                D. established

II. Choose the work whose stress is placed differently.

  1. A. protect                      B. prohibit                     C. pollute                       D. cultivate
  2. A. agriculture                 B. extinction                  C. environment              D. establishment
  3. A. nature                        B. dangerous                  C. interfere                     D. devastate
  4. A. capture                      B. discharge                             C. survive                      D. extinct
  5. A. fertilizer                     B. interference                C. offspring                             D. maintenance

III. Choose the best answer

  1.  The government has passed a law prohibiting the sale of alcohol.

A. restricting                  B. allowing                    C. forbidding                 D. reducing

  1.  The mountain gorilla is on the verge of ____________________

A. existence                             B. extinction                  C. formation                            D. appearance

  1.  Our countryside is disappearing at an alarming rate.

A. developing                B. widening                    C. running                      D. vanishing

  1.  With people’s interference, many precious animals are threatened with ________________

A. extinct                       B. extinguish                  C. death                         D. extinction

  1.  Dogs are the animals ___________________________________

A. which I am terrifying for.                                B. that I am terrifying of.

C. which I terrifying for.                                                D. that I am terrified of.

  1.  Some chemical ___________ farmers use to make the soil richer can pollute the environment.

A. medicines                  B. elements                    C. fertilizers                             D. powers

  1.  Farmers use ___________ to kill insects that devastate their crops.

A. toothpaste                 B. cheese                        C. fertilizers                             D. pesticides   

  1.  His laziness resulted ____________his failure in the final examination.

A. from                          B. of                               C. in                               D. by

  1.  There are only a small number of Siberian tigers in the wild.

A. Earth                         B. life                                       C. nature                        D. extinction

  1.  People in the mountainous areas are still in the habit of destroying forests for cultivation.

A. farming                     B. industry                     C. planting                     D. word     

  1.  The factory is fined for discharging dangerous chemicals into the river.

A. releasing                    B. increasing                  C. decreasing                 D. keeping

  1.  Oil spills are having a devastating effect on coral reels in the ocean.   

A. long – lashing            B. temporary                 C. destructive       `        D. dull

  1.  Do you see my pen, ______________ I have just written the letter?

A. to which                    B. with that                    C. to that                       D. with which

  1.  The old man ____________ you gave place on the bus is my grandfather.

A. to whom                    B. in whom                    C. with whom                D. at whom

  1.  I don’t know the name of the woman ___________. I spoke on the phone.

A. whom                        B. who                           C. to that                       D. to whom

  1.  This is the statement _________________ I cannot agree.

A. with that                             B. with which                C. with whom                D. Both A & B

  1.  This is the idea _____________________________________

A. in which believing                                            B. in which we believe

C. we are believed                                                          D. in that we believe

  1.  Have I told you about _____________ the government is now dealing?

A. the problem                                                     B. the problem with which

C. the problem with that                                                D. A & B are correct

  1.  In my hometown, there is a park _________________ has a beautiful lake.

A. where                        B. in where                    C. which                        D. in which

  1.  He is the singer about _________________ I often tell you.

                A. that                           B. who                           C. whom                        D. All are correct

  1.  My uncle has five hunting dogs, ______________ is ten years old.

A. one of which             B. of which one              C. which one of              D. of one which

  1.  The concert ____________. I listened last weekend was boring.

A. to that                       B. to which                    C. for that                      D. for which

  1.  The wife _____________ Mr. Brown has married for a long time, is still childish.

A. to whom                    B. with whom                C. whom                        D. at whom

IV. Identify the error:

  1.  The knife with which we used to cut at the orange is very sharp.

                                    A                   B            C                              D

  1.  He gave me the pen in which I wrote my lessons.

                                   A     B              C             D

  1.  Do you get on with the person whom lives next door?

                                             A                    B       C                D

  1.  The environment in which these animals are living is bad destroyed.

                                                                A             B                 C            D

  1.  There are people can’t keep a secret, either of their own or of others’.

A                                       B                  C             D

  1.  I don’t like chickens neither I like fish very much.

                     A                        B         C               D

  1.  Either sick nor well, my mom is always cheerful.

                 A             B                               C         D

Determiners & predetermines

  1.  He lost __________ parents when he was a child. (all/ either/ neither/ both)
  2.  There have been a power cut ____________ lights have gone out. (none/ all/ every/ each)
  3.  I asked two people the way to the station but _______ of them knew. (all/ either/ neither/ both)
  4.  They give us two keys, but _________ of them works. (all/ either/ neither/ both)
  5.  __________ house has a number. (every/ each/ none/ all)
  6.  There isn’t _________ water in the bottle. (little/ all/ few/ much)
  7.  He doesn’t like buses and trains because ________ of them are crowed. (either/ each/ both/ all)
  8.  Check or credit _ you can use ______________ (all/ either/ neither/ both)
  9.  Neither of the two boys goes on a picnic; ___________ of them are at the meeting. (non/both/ neither/ either)
  10.  _________________ men must die. (every/ each/ all/ none)

C – Reading

I. Read and decide which answer that best fits each gap.

SAVE THE EARTH

We are all slowly destroying the earth. The seas and rivers are (1) _____ dirty to swim in. There is so much smoke in the air that it is unhealthy to (2) _____ in many of the world’s cities. In one well – known city, for example, (3) _________ gases from cars pollute the air so much that traffic policemen have to (4) _________ oxygen marks. We have cut down so many trees that there are now vast areas of (5) _________ all over the world. As a result, in parts of Africa cannot (6) _______ enough to eat. In certain countries in Asia there is too (7) __________ rice.

Moreover, we do not take enough care (8) _______ the countryside. Wild animals are quickly disappearing. For instance, tigers are rare in India now because we have (9) _______ too many for them to (10) __________. However, it is enough simple to talk about the problem. We must act now before it is too late to do anything about it joint us now. Save the Earth. This is too important to ignore.

  1. A. every                         B. so                              C. too                             D. much
  2. A. do                                       B. have                          C. see                                       D. live
  3. A. poisonous                 B. useful                        C. un harmful                D. so much
  4. A. put on                       B. be                              C. wear                          D. dress
  5. A. land                           B. wasteland                  C. highland                    D. lowland
  6. A. have                          B. live                            C. earn                           D. grow
  7. A. much                         B. little                           C. many                         D. few
  8. A. of                              B. for                             C. about                         D. in
  9. A. lived                          B. destroyed                            C. killed                         D. had
  10. A. do                              B. survive                      C. have                          D. save

Unit 10       SOURCES OF EMERGY

A – Vocabulary

Reading:

 1. Energy (n)                                                      : năng lượng

 2. Energetic (adj)                                                          : mạnh khỏe

 3. Reserve (n)                                                     

 = Supply                                                             : sự dự trù, sự giữ gìn

 4. Limited (to) (adj)

èTo limit (v)

èLimitation (n)

 5. Power (n)                                                                  = energy

 6. To increase (v + n)                                          : gia tăng

 ≠ To decreased

èIncreased (adj)

èIncreasingly (adv)

 7. Exhaust (v)                                                     : cạn kiệt

èExhausted (adj)

 8. Dangerous (adj)

èDanger (n)

   9. Geothermal heat                                          : địa nhiệt

èGeothermal

 12.Windmill (n)                                                  : cối xay gió

10. Unfortunate (adj, n)

èUnfortunately                                                   ≠ fortunately

11. To create (v)                                                  = to make

èCreative (adj)

èCreation (n)

èCreatively (adv)

12.Pollution (n)                                                    : sự ô nhiễm

èPolluted (adj)                                                    : ô nhiễm

èPolluter (n)                                                       : người, công ty gây ô nhiễm.

13. Dam (n)                                                                   : đập nước

14.Solar energy                                                   : năng lượng mặt trời

èSolar panel                                                       : thanh mặt trời

15. Entire (adj)                                                    : toàn bộ

èEntirely (adv)                                                   : hoàn toàn

16. Infinite (adj)                                                   : vô tận

   ≠ Finite                                                              : hạn chế

17. Disadvantage (n)                                           : bất lợi

   ≠ Advantage                                                      : có lợi

18. Potential (n)                                                   : khả năng, tiềm lực

19. To research (v)                                              : nghiên cứu

20. To alter                                                                   : thay đổi

èAlternative (n, adj)

21. Electricity (n)                                                 : điện

èElectrical (adj)

èElectrify (v)

èElectrification (n)                                             : sự điện khí hóa

Speaking:

22. Nuclear reactor                                             : n/ m điện hạt nhân

23. To release                                                      : phóng

24. Radiation (n)                                                 : chất phóng xạ

25. Hydroelectric (adj)

èHydroelectricity (n)

26. Renewable (adj)                                             : có thể hồi phục, có thể thành mới.

Listening:

27. Ecology (n)                                                    : sinh thái học

èEcologist (n)                                                     : nhà sinh thái

èEcological (adj)                                               

Writing

28. Consumption (n)                                           : sự tiêu thụ

Language focus

29. To consume (v)

èConsumer (n)

30. Shriek (v)

èShrieking (with laughter)                                           : cười ngắt nghẽo

31. To split (v)                                                               : chia ra, tách ra

32. To play out                                                             : mở rông, lan rộng

B – Practice:

I. Word form:

  1. An ___________ disaster will alter the whole balance of ecology in that area. (ecology)
  2. I find her _____________ she never stops talking. (exhaust)
  3. _____________ and originality are more important than technical skill. (creative)
  4. Health – conscious ____________ want more information about the food they buy. (consume)
  5. You can be paid in cash weekly or by cheque monthly; those are the two _____________. (alter)
  6. We are doing our best with the ___________ resources available. (limit)
  7. He’s just bought a car with ______________ operated windows. (electric)
  8. The river has been _______________ with toxic waste from local factories. (pollution)
  9. They have ___________ the price of petrol by almost 20%. (increase)
  10. The universe is ________________________ . (finite)
  11. It’s _______________ to go too near the edge of the cliff. (danger)
  12. These ______________ people have been thrown out of their homes. (fortunate)
  13. _______________, they were out when we called. (fortunate)
  14. One of the main __________ of the system is that it uses very large amounts of fuel. (advantage)
  15. Young people usually have more ____________ than the old. (energetic)

II. Rewrite the following sentences, using a present participle phrases.

  1. The children who attend that school receive a good education.

è_________________________________________________

  1. The fence which surrounds our house is made of wood.

è_________________________________________________

  1. The couple who live in the house next door are both college professors.

è_________________________________________________

  1. Customers who complain about the service should see the manager.

è_________________________________________________

  1.  Did you get the message which concerned the special meeting?

è__________________________________________________

  1. A knuckle is a joint that connects a finger to the rest of the hand.

è__________________________________________________

  1. Antarctica is covered by a huge ice cap that contains 70 percent of the earth’s fresh water.

è__________________________________________________

  1. Food which passes from the mouth to the stomach goes through a tube called esophagus.

è__________________________________________________

III. Rewrite the following sentences, using past participle phrases.

  1. Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.

è__________________________________________________

  1. In hot weather, many people enjoy lemonade, which is made of lemon juice, water and sugar.

è__________________________________________________

  1. Two – third of people who were arrested for motorbike theft are under twenty years of age.

è__________________________________________________

  1. The students don’t know how to do the exercises which were given by the teacher yesterday.

è__________________________________________________

  1. Only a small fraction of the eggs that are laid by a fish actually hatch and survive to adulthood.

è__________________________________________________

  1. Arizona, which was once thought to be a useless desert, is today a rapidly growing industrial and agricultural area.

è__________________________________________________

  1. We are driving on the road which was built in 1980.

è__________________________________________________

  1. The photographs which were published in the newspapers were extraordinary.

è__________________________________________________

  1. Only a few of the movies that are shown at the Gray Theater are suitable for children.

è__________________________________________________

  1. He read The old man and the sea which was written by Ernest Hemingway.

è__________________________________________________

IV. Reduce relative clauses to phrases.

  1. The man who is standing there is a clown.

è___________________________________________________

  1. I saw many houses that were destroyed by the storm.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The candidates who are sitting for the exam are all from Vietnam.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The vegetables which are sold in this shop are grown without chemicals.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The street which leads to the school is very wide.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The system which is used here is very successful.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The city which was destroyed during the war has now been rebuilt.

è___________________________________________________

  1. My brother, who met you yesterday, works for a big firm.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The gentleman who lives next door to me is a famous orator.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The diagrams which were made by young Faraday were sent to sir Humphrey Davy at the end of the year 1812.

è___________________________________________________

V. Rewrite the following sentences, using infinitive phrases.

  1. We had a river in which we could swim.

è___________________________________________________

  1. You are the last person who saw her alive.

è___________________________________________________

  1. I have some letters that I must write.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The child would be happier if he had someone he could play with.

è___________________________________________________

  1. My brother is the only one that realized the danger.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The pilot was the only man that survived the crash.

è___________________________________________________

  1. Neil Armstrong was the first man who walked on the moon.

è___________________________________________________

  1. He was the second man who was killed in this way.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The Queen Elizabeth is the largest ship which has been built on the island.

è___________________________________________________

  1. The fifth man was interviewed was completely unsuitable.

è___________________________________________________

C – Multiple choice:

I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently.

  1. A. reason                       B. son                                      C. busy                          D. easy
  2. A. any                            B. matter                       C. and                            D. man
  3. A. choose                       B. child                          C. charge                       D. chemistry
  4. A. main                          B. certain                       C. complain                             D. explain
  5. A. enough                      B. high                           C. through                     D. thought

II. Choose the word whose stress is placed differently.

  1. A. primitive                             B. particular                            C. continuous                D. connected
  2. Amount                         B. mental                       C. dependence                D. opinion
  3. A. section                       B. grammar                    C. unsuccessful              D. demonstrate
  4. A. harvest                      B. produce                     C. ceremony                            D. circumstances
  5. A. energy                       B. natural                       C. relative                      D. pollution

III. Choose the best answer.

  1. They were very ________________ about keeping so much money in the house overnight.

A. dangerous              B. risky                          C. nervous                     D. willing

  1. Many people don’t use their computers to their full _____________

A. future                     B. expectation                C. hope                          D. potential

  1. We could make better use of our ______________________

A. environment          B. sources                      C.  resources                  D. atmosphere

  1. The sun releases large a mounts of energy every day.

A. let’s down             B. lets by                       C. lets out                      D. lets into

  1. This energy is useful because it can create electricity.

A. produce                           B. do                              C. design                        D. raise

  1. She’ll be able to put her languages ___________ good use ___________ her new job.

A. of – in                    B. to – in                        C. at – on                       D. in – of

  1. This is a good river ________________________

A. for swimming in with us                              B. for us to swim in

C. in which swimming to us                             D. to us for swimming in

  1. Ritz Hotel is a very good place _______________________

A. in which to stay              B. to stay in                             C. for staying in             D. staying in

  1. She was the last applicant __________________________

A. to be interview                                                       B. to be interviewing

C. to be interviewed                                          D. to have interviewed

  1. I have heard nothing from him since ____________________

A. he had left              B. he leaves                    C. he has left                  D. he left

  1. Can you play an _________________________ guitar?

A. electric                             B. electrified                   C. electricity                   D. all are correct

  1. Little women, _______________ in 1868, is my sister’s favorite book

A. is a movie published                                              B. a novel was published

C. a novel published                                         D. was a novel published

  1. You cannot grow crops on _________________________ land.

A. exhaustion             B. exhaust                      C. exhausting                 D. exhausted

  1. “I found these books. Do you need them?” “Oh, yes, those are the ones I _________ earlier.”

A. was looking for them                                             B. was looking for

C. am looking for                                                       D. looking for

  1. What exactly is the influence of television ______________ children?

A. on                                    B. in                               C. at                               D. with

  1. Sally lost her job, ___________________ wasn’t surprising.

A. that                        B. what                          C. it                                D. which

  1. When ___________ to explain his mistake, the new employee cleared his throat nervously.

A. asking                    B. asked                         C. to be asked                D. to be asking

  1. It isn’t necessary for you to finish the report by Sunday.

A. You don’t need finish the report by Sunday.

B. You mustn’t finish the report by Sunday.

C. You might not finish the report by Sunday.

D. You don’t need to finish the report by Sunday.

  1. I’m hungry. Is there any food ___________________?

A. to be eaten             B. for me eating             C. eating                        D. to eat

  1. We have about 30 guests a day in our restaurant ______________ the average.

A. at                                     B. for                             C. on                              D. in

IV. Identify the error:

  1. I don’t know where could he have gone so early in the morning.

                                       A            B                         C      D

  1. They asked me what did happen last night but I was unable to tell them.

A                          B                 C                D

  1. I’d like buying some earrings like yours.

         A         B                              C      D

  1. To sit alone in his room, he was frightened by the strange noise.

A       B                                    C                    D

  1. The professor was considering postponing the exam until the following week because the

                                   A                    B                                         C                     D

students’ confusion.

  1. Cattle is allowed to graze in the cemetery.

    A          B                   C             D

  1. Also traveling on the plane is two preventatives of the Computer Company.

   A                 B                C                            D

  1. Patrick doesn’t run quickly as Lee, but he can run farther.

A           B          C                             D                         

  1. We’ll travel for a couple of days, so you won’t be able to call us.

                A       B                                          C           D

  1. I think the faster you read the least you understand.

    A            B                          C                 D

C – Reading

Read the passage & choose the best answer to each question.

          When I was in Scotland last year, I visited a special hydroelectric power station. It is inside a mountain. It rains a lot in the mountains of Scotland and there are huge lakes high up. The water falls down through large pipes to a generator in the power station. The energy of the moving water turn the generator and this produces electricity. A big transformer the increases the number of volts to over 400,000. The electricity goes through cables to different parts of Scotland, England and Wales.

          The inside of the power station was very clean because it doesn’t burn coal or gas. It was also very quiet. I was very surprised. It was just like being in a hospital, really.

          I think hydroelectric power stations are much safer than nuclear power stations. They are also better for the earth than coal or gas power stations. Some countries like Sweden and the Netherlands have said they aren’t going to build any more nuclear power stations.

          They are going to try to make clean electricity using water or wind. I think we should do the same and spend more money in building hydroelectric power stations.

  1. What can be the best title for the passage?

A. Future of Electricity                               B. Dangers of Nuclear Power

C. Electricity from Water                                     D. Electricity in Scotland

  1. We can learn that the word “hydroelectric” means “using _____________”.

A. the energy of the water to lean the air

B. pipes to carry water

C. water power to produce electricity

D. wind power to produce electricity

  1. Why does the writer say the hydroelectric power station is like a hospital?

A. It looks like a hospital                                     B. It is very clean and quiet.

C. It has beautiful scenery                          D. It use a generator

  1. What is the passage mainly about?

A. The advantages of hydroelectric power stations.

          B. The future of electric power stations.

          C. The number of electric power stations.

          D. The countries that have nuclear power stations.

  1. What does “they” in the second sentence of the last paragraph refer to?

A. Gas power station                                 B. Coal power stations

C. Hydroelectric power stations                           D. Nuclear power stations

Unit 12:      THE ASIAN GAMES

A – Vocabulary

Reading:

  1. Intercultural (a) (thuộc)   (sự hiểu biết)                   : văn hóa lẫn nhau

  2. Multi _sport (a)                (gồm)                    : nhiều môn thể thao

  3. Solidarity (n) (with sb)     /sɔli'dæriti/            : tình đoàn kết

  4. Promote (n)                       /prəˈməut/             : xúc tiến, đẩy mạnh

èPromotion (n)                                                   : sự thúc đẩy, thăng tiến

  5. Athlete (n)                         /ˈæθ.liːt/                : vận đông viên

èAthletics (n)                                                      : điền kinh

èAthletic (a)                                                        : lự lưỡng

  6. Aquatic (a)                        /əˈkwӕtik/            : có liên quan đến nước

Ex: I like aquatic sports

  7. Aspect (n)                          / ˈӕspekt/              : khía cạnh

  8. Facility (n)                         /fəˈsiləti/               : phương tiện thuận lợi

  9. Wrestling (n)                     /'resliɳ/                  : môn đấu vật

èWrestle (v)                                                        : đấu vật

10. Hockey (n)                        /ˈhoki/                   : môn khúc côn cầu

11. Fencing (n)                        /ˈfen.sɪŋ/               : môn đấu kiếm

12. Bodybuilding (n)              /ˈbɒd.iˌbɪl.dɪŋ/       : thể dục thể hình

èBodybuilder (n)                                                          : VĐV thể hình

13. Boxing (n)                         /ˈbɒk.sɪŋ/              : môn quyền anh

è Box (v)                                                            : đánh quyền anh

èBoxer (n)                                                                    : VĐV quyền anh

14. Billiards (n)                                                    : trò chơi bi da

15. Weightlifting (n)                                            : môn cử tạ

16. Shooting (n)                      /ˈʃuː.tɪŋ/                : môn bắn sung

17. Karate (n)                         /kəˈraːti/                : môn karate

18. Squash (n)                       /skwɒʃ/                 : môn bong quần

  1. Those athletes competed with all their best to get ___________________

A. friendship                B. cultures                     C. medals                       D. advance

  1. _______ can help an athlete to improve the strength of muscles and the appearance of the body.

A. Shooting                            B. Table tennis               C. Weightlifting             D. Rugby

  1. 10. The Olympic Games is one of the biggest sporting ________ all over the world.

A. problems                           B. athletes                      C. cultures                     D. events

  1. In this multi – spot event, young people from all over Asian gather together to compete.

A. collect                      B. take                           C. compete                     D. assemble

  1. It is an occasion when strength and sports are tested.

A. heath                        B. power                        C. muscle                       D. energy

  1. The number of participants has been increasing.

Increasingis the antonym of “_______________________”

A. falling                       B. failing                        C. raising                       D. cutting

  1. ________ 2nd Asian Games was held in ____________ Philippines in 1954.

A. Þ _____ the             B. Þ ______ Þ               C. The _____ The                   D. The ______ Þ

  1. The Games is an international sporting event with about three thousand participants.

A. competitors              B. referees                      C. holders                      D. organizers

  1. Which is incorrect

A. The house you once lives in has been sold.

B. Freedom is something that millions have given their life for.

C. We were traveling with a man spoke French very well.

D. The letter we receive today had no stamp on it.

  1. Which is correct

A. The women prayed aloud all night that kept us awake.

B. My friend, that I’ll introduce you to, is very pretty.

C. His book is the best which has ever been written on that subject.

D. Did you visit Marble Arch, which was once a gate into Hyde Park?

D – More reading:

Read the passage then say whether the statements are true (T), false (F)

ASIAN GAMES

          The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi – sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) under the supervision of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Medals are awarded in each event, with gold for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition which started in 1951. The Asian Games are dominated by the People’s Republic of China.

          Competitors are entered by a National Olympic Committee (NOC) to represent their country of citizenship. National anthems and flags accompany the medal ceremonies, and tables showing the number of medals won by each country are widely used. In general only recognized nations are represented, but a few non – sovereign countries are allowed to take part. The special case of Taiwan was handled by having it compete as Chinese Taipei, due to the political status of Taiwan.

(Sovereign (adj): tối cao có chủ quyền _ (n): vua; quốc vươn is held every year.

  1. IOC is the founder of Asiad.
  2. The first medals were awarded in 1951.
  3. In the Asian Games, the People’s Republic of China is the strongest.
  4. NOC selects competitors to represent their country of citizenship
  5. Vietnam has taken part in the games 15 times.
  6. can be played during the medal ceremonies.
  7. Only the rich countries have the right to participate in the Asian Games.
  8. Taiwan also took part in the Asian Games.
  9. Quata was the host country in the 15th Asian GameS

Unit 13:   HOBBIES

A – Vocabulary

Reading:

  1. Free (a, v)                               /friː/                       : rảnh rỗi, trả tự do.

èFree time (n)

= Leisure/ spare time                                                 : thời gian rảnh

  2. Accomplish (v)                      /əˈkampliʃ/            : hoàn thành, thành tựu

= Complete, achieve

èAccomplished (adj)

= Skillful, clever                                                        : giỏi, khéo léo

èAccomplishment (n)

= Completion, achievement

  3. Hobby (n)                              /ˈhobi/                   : sở thích

= Interest

   Hobbyist (n)

  4. Tune (n)                                 /tjuːn/                    : giai điệu

èTuneful (adj)                                                                  : du dương

 ≠ Tuneless                                                                : lạc điệu

  5. Success (n)                             /səkˈsiːd/               : thành công

èSuccessful (adj)    ≠    un successful (adj)

èSuccessfully (adv)

èTo succeed (v)

  6. To be good at = to be skillful at

  7. Accompany (v) (with)           /əˈkampəni/                     : đi kèm

 = Go with

  8. Admire (v)                                       /ədˈmaiə/                         : ngưỡng mộ, khâm phục

èAdmirer (n)

èAdmirable (adj)                                                               : đáng khâm phục

èAdmirably (adv)

  9. Modest (adj)                           /ˈmodist/                         : thành thật

èModesty (n)

èModestly (adv)

10. Tank (n)                                /tӕŋk/                             : chậu, hồ, bể, bồn

èGlass fish tank (n)                   

11. Vary (v)                                 /ˈveəri/                  : khác nhau, dao động

èVarious (adj)                                      /ˈveəriəs/               : đa dạng, phong phú

èVariable (adj)                                                        : có thể thay đổi

èVariety (n)                                /vəˈraiəti/              : sự đa dạng, phong phú

èVariation (n)                                      /veəri'eiʃn/             : sự biến dạng, thay đổi

12. Collect (v)                              /kəˈlekt/                     : sưu tập

èCollection (n)                           /kə'lekʃn/                  : bộ sưu tập

èCollector                                   /kə'lektə/               : người sưu tập

13. Avid (adj)                               /ˈӕvid/                  : háo hức

èAvidity (n)

èAvidly (adv)

14. Actual (adj)                            /ˈӕktʃuəl/              : thật sự

èActually (adv)                                                       : thật ra

15. Discarded (adj)                                                   : phế thải

èDiscard (v)                               /dɪˈskɑːd/              : bỏ đi

16. Indulge (v)                                      /inˈdaldʒ/               : ham mê, say mê

èIndulgence (n)

èIndulgent (adj)                                                      : khoan dung

èIndulgently (adv)                              

17. Occupy (v)                                      /ˈokjupai/              : chiếm giữ, bận rộn

èOccupant (n)

 = Occupier (n)                                                                   : người chiếm giữ

èOccupancy (n)                                                      : sự chiếm giữ

èOccupation (n)                                                      : nghề nghiệp

èOccupied (adj)    =     busy

Speaking:

18. Immediately (adv)                 /i'mi:djətli/             : ngay lập tức

èImmediate (adj)                                 

19. Make friend with (v)                                         : kết bạn

20. Classify (v)                                      /ˈklӕsifai/              : phân loại

èClassification (n)                                                   : sự phân loại

èClassifiable (adj)                                                   : có thể phân loại

21. Second – hand (adj)   = used                             : đã qua sử dụng

22. Book stall (n)                                                      : quầy bán sách

23. Name tag (n)                                                      : bảng tên

24. Exchange (n, v) with             /iksˈtʃeindʒ/           : trao đổi

èExchangeable (adj)                                                         : có thể trao đổi được

25. Politician (n)                          /pɔli'tiʃn/                   : chính trị gia

èPolitics (n)                                                            : ngành chính trị

èPoliticize (v)                                                          : chính trị hóa

èPolitical (adj)                                                        : mang tính chính trị

26. Broaden (v)                                                        : mở rông, nới rộng

èBroad (adj)                               /broːd/                   : rộng, nới rộng

èBroadly (adv)                                   

èBroadness (n)                                                       : sự rộng rãi

Listening:

27. Gigantic (adj)                         /dʒaiˈɡӕntik/        : khổng lồ

èGiant, huge, enormous

èGigantically (adv)

28. Profitably (adv)

èProfitable (adj)                         /´prɒfɪtəb(ə)l/                  : có lời

èProfit (n)                                                                         : lợi nhuận

èProfotability (n)

29. Bygone (adj)                          /ˈbaɪ.ɡɒn/

= Old                                                                                  : cũ kĩ, qua rồi

   Bygone (n)                                                                       : cái đã qua

èLet bygones be bygones

30. Ignorantly (adv)                                                           : một cách ngu dốt

31. Ignorant (a. & n.)                            /ˈɪɡn(ə)r(ə)nt/                  : ngu dốt, kém văn minh, người ngu dốt

èIgnorance (n)                                                                   : sự ngu dốt

èIgnore (v)                                                                        : tảng lờ, phớt lờ

32. Equip (v)                               /iˈkwip/                          : trang bị

èEquipment (n)                                                                 : trang thiết bị

èWell – equipped (adj)                                                     : được trang bị tốt

B – Practice:

I. Word form:

  1. Painting offers the _______________ a wide choice of materials.                  (hobby)
  2. Teachers ask students to make a report on their future ____________ .        (occupy)
  3. Vietnam has a __________________________________ of food.               (vary)
  4. Tiger Wood is famous for his ____________ performances in golf.              (admire)
  5. His stamp _______________ is very valuable.                                              (collect)
  6. Van Gogh is considered one of the most ___________ artists of all time.     (accomplish)
  7. Travel ____________________________ the mind.                                     (broad)
  8. We spent a __________________ day cleaning out the cupboards.              (profit)
  9. He _____________________ the speed limit and drove very fast.                (ignore)
  10.  Smoking is his only ____________________.                                    (indulgent)
  11.  The workers _______________ the factort and refused to leave.        (occupant)
  12.  Were you ________________ in persuading him to change his mind?    (succeed)
  13.  Her husband was one of her many _________________ .                       (admire)
  14.  You need to be a _________________ to succeed in this company.        (politics)
  15.  I’m afraid I’m rather ________________ about computers.                    (ignore)

  II. Rewrite these sentence, focus on the underlined part:

  1.  Tom broke the glass window while he was playing baseball.

è__________________________________________________________

  1.  She bought the red dress in that shop.

è__________________________________________________________

  1.  The ghosts often appear in the dark.

è__________________________________________________________

  1.  Henry lent me that big sum of money.

è__________________________________________________________

  1.  The countryside is most beautiful in spring.

è__________________________________________________________

  1.  You will succeed only by hard work.

è__________________________________________________________

  1.  The smoke from the factory chimneys pollutes the air.

è__________________________________________________________

  1.  I want to see the manager; I don’t want to see his assistant.

è__________________________________________________________

  1.  I need your help, not your sympathy.

è__________________________________________________________

III. Combine the following sentences using: both ... and, not only ... but also,

either ... or and neither ... nor.

  1.  George doesn’t like tea and he doesn’t like coffee.

è______________________________________________________________

  1.  You can come on Monday or you can also come on Tuesday.

è______________________________________________________________

  1.  She was tired. Her mother was tired, too.

è______________________________________________________________

  1.  He didn’t play sports. His brothers didn’t play sports, either.

è______________________________________________________________

  1.  George doesn’t smoke and he doesn’t drink.

è_______________________________________________________________

  1.  Helen’s dress is blue. So is mine.

è_______________________________________________________________

  1.  You can use the train to go to my house. You can also use the bus to go there.

è_______________________________________________________________

  1.  He can’t play sports. He can’t use a musical instrument.

è_______________________________________________________________

  1.  She plays the piano and the violin.

è_______________________________________________________________

  1.  Smoking is a bad habit. Drinking is, too.

è_______________________________________________________________

IV. Transformation:

  1.  My sister doesn’t play tennis. She doesn’t go swimming.

èMy sister _______________________________________________________

  1.  Some students in my class are talkative. They are also lazy.

èSome students in my class are not only ________________________________

  1.  Jane is Keen on stamp collecting. Her brother is, too.

èBoth ___________________________________________________________

  1.  Is that actor American? Or is he French? I’m not sure.

èThat actor ____________________________________________. I’m not sure.

  1.  Helen has been late many times. She has also done no work.

èNot only ________________________________________________________

  1. We didn’t contact you by phone. We didn’t contact you by email.

èWe _____________________________________________________________

  1. My parents and my sister are here.

èNot only _________________________________________________________

  1. All shops were closed on the first of lunar January.

èWe _____________________________________________________________

  1. Both the reports are unimportant.

èNeither of ________________________________________________________

  1. Mary takes part in the orchestra at the church. Her friends also do that.

èMary with ________________________________________________________

C – Multiple choice:

I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently.

  1. A. invented                         B. needed                       C. afforded           D. advanced
  2. A. tourists                           B. animals                      C. depends            D. seasons
  3. A. promised                       B. advised                      C. asked               D. worked
  4. A. motion                           B. position                     C. decision           D. production
  5. A. ones                               B. pictures                     C. decades            D. places

II. Choose the word whose stress is placed differently.

  1. A. accomplish                     B. indulge                      C. avid                 D. accompany
  2. A. continually                     B. gigantic                      C. discarded                   D. ignorantly
  3. A. classify                           B. admire                       C. modest             D. uncle
  4. A. collect                            B. indulge                      C. hobby              D. succeed
  5. A. occupy                      B. equipment                 C. variety             D.accomplish

I      III. Choose the best answer:

  1. It is Mary _________ not Susan ___________ lent me the dictionary.

A. her – that                                      B. herself – that

C. herself – whom                             D. herself - Þ

  1. It ___________ after the man had gone that I remembered his name.

A. is                     B. was                            C. has been                    D. were

  1. It was the policeman ____________ arrested the thief.

A. who                           B. that                            C. Þ                                D. A & B

  1. It was usually on Sunday ___________ my parents came to visit me.     

A. when                         B. that                            C. which                        D. A & B

  1. It is our headmaster ___________ we greet _________ in a formal way.

     A. that – him                 B. who – him                 C. that – Þ            D. whom – himself

  1. It’s _________ that he has achieved so much despite his disability.

A. admire             B. admirable                  C. admired                     D. admiration

  1. The hobby of collecting stamps from different countries is called ____________

A. stamp collection                           B. stamp collector

C. stamp collecting                           D. stamp hobby

  1. The most important is to keep yourself ___________

A. occupy             B. occupying                  C. occupied                    D. occupies

  1. There was a ____________ of books and magazines on the floor.

A. collecting                   B. collection                            C. collector                    D. collectable

  1. It is the second time ___________ I __________ to turn off the lights before going to bed.

A. when – forgot                     B. when – have forgotten

C. that – have forgotten          D. that – had forgotten

  1. It is your body ______ is continually at work _______ has a wonderful way of repairing itself.

A. which – that                                 B. that – that

C. that – Þ                               D. what – that     

  1. Both young people and adults have taken up computer _________ a hobby.

A. like                            B. such                           C. similar                       D. as

  1. It is games and sports ____________ popular with hobbyists.

A. that are            B. that was                    C. who is                       D. who are

  1. It is nearly all modern automobiles ____________ have a radio.

A. who                           B. which                        C. whom                        D. that

  1. Hobbies really keep me occupied means:

A. I find hobbies interesting.

B. Hobbies really keep me busy.

C. Hobbies help me occupied.

D. Hobbies often make me interested.

  1. He collected the children ____________ school.

A. to                     B. from                          C. in                               D. on

  1. Once in while, I get stamps from places like ___________ Russia, _________ USA, Britain.

A. the – the                    B. ÞÞ                          C. the – Þ                       D.  Þ – the

  1. Another hobby of mine is keeping fish.

A. managing                  B. breeding                    C. catching                     D. holding

  1. The young actress is very _____________ about her success.

A. modest             B. proud                        C. accomplished            D. occupied

  1. It is theater that includes _______________ form of entertainment from the circus to plays.

A. all                    B. every                         C. either                         D. neither

  1. All the plants classified as _____________ garden flowers or wildlowers are smaller than trees.

A. both                          B. being                         C.either                          D. either are

  1. If you don’t go camping this weekend, _____________ will I.

A. either                         B. neither                       C. so                              D. too

  1. _______________ was the city polluted ___________ the streets were crowded.

A. Both – and                                             B. Not only – as well

C. Not only – but                                        D. Neither – nor

  1. ________ could he type but he could operate the computer __________

A. Not only – also                                                B. Only – as well

C. Not only – as well                                  D. Not only – but also

I      V. Identify the error:

  1. The professor let us discuss about Pasteur’s life in 5 minutes.

            A                  B           C                                 D

  1. I find Mary an extreme interesting person to be with.

        A                     B              C                          D

  1. It’s very kind of yourself to wait for me in such awful weather.

       A          B                    C                            D

  1. It was the dog that fridhtened us that he caught it.

    A                 B                          C                 D

  1. Your ability is that I need, not your words.

         B                C             D

  1. It was Paul who first tells me the good news.

A                  B     C    D                                           

  1. No one realizes that the most largest organ of the hunam body is skin.

      A           B                          C                     D

  1. In all the cities I’ve visited, I like New York the best.

        A                           B           C                       D

  1. They are still dependent to their parents after getting married.

         A                         B                      C                 D

  1. She can’t speak English without make mistakes.

        A                  B                     C       D

  1. Our environment is being damaged, thus something should do.

            A                   B           C                      D

D – More reading:

Choose the most suitable word to fill in each blank.

          A hobby can be almost anything a person (1) _______ to do in his spare time. Hobbyists riase pets, buid model ships, weave baskets, watch birds, (2) ________ animal, climb mountains, raise flowers, fish, ski, skate and swim. Hobbyists also paint pictures, (3) _________ concerts and plays, and perform on musical instruments. They collect everthing (4) _________ books to butterflies, and shells to stamps.

          People take up hobbies, because these activities (5) ___________ enjoyment, friendship, knowledge and relaxation. Sometime they even yield financial (6) ________. Hobbies help people relax after periods of hard work, and provide a balance between work and play. Hobbies also offer interesting activities for people (7) ________ have retired.

          Anyone, rich or poor, old or young, sick or well can (8) ________ a satisfing hobby, regardless of his age, position, or income. Hobbies can help a person’s mental and (9) _________ health. Doctors have found that hobbies are valuable in helping patients recover from physical or mental illness.

          Sir William Osier, a famous Canadian doctor, expressed the value of hobies by saying “No man is really happy or safe (10) _________ a hobby.”

  1. A. gets                       B. wants                        C. likes                           D. needs
  2. A. hunt                      B. catch                          C. raise                          D. kill
  3. A. see                        B. play                           C. take part                    D. attend
  4. A. with                      B. from                          C. on                              D. in
  5. A. cause                    B. create                         C. offer                          D. have
  6. A. profit                    B. benefit                       C. money                       D. economy
  7. A. Þ                           B. which                        C. who                           D. whose
  8. A. make                    B. follow                        C. offer                          D. be
  9. A. helpful                  B. strong                        C. useful                        D. physical
  10. A. without            B. of                               C. during                        D. with

Unit 15:      SPACE CONOUEST

A – Vocabulary

Reading:

1. Human (n)                                    /ˈhjuːmən/             : con người

2. Space (n)                                                 /speis/                            : không gian

3. (v)                                                                               : đặt

èSet foot on                                     /set/                      : đặt chân lên

4. Lift (v)                                          /lift/                       : nhấc lên

èLift off                                                                         : phóng tàu lên

5. Orbit (v) (n)                                  /ˈoːbit/                   : bay quanh quỹ đạo

6. Last (v)                                         /laːst/                    : kéo dài

Ex: The trip will last three months

èLast (a)                                                                       : cuối cùng

èDecember is the last month of the year

7. Cosmonaut (n)                              /'kɔzmənɔ:t/          : nhà du hành vũ trụ

8. Weight (n)                                    /wei/                                    : trọng lượng

èWeighless (a)                                                              : không trọng lượng

èWeightlessness (n)                                                     : tình trạng không trọng lượng

9.Enormous (a)                                /iˈnoːməs/                      : to lớn

èEnormously (adv)                        

10. Precise (a)                                   /priˈsais/                         : chính xác

èPrecisely (adv) _ Precision (n)      

11. To deal with                                                            : đối phó với

Ex: How would you deal with an armed burglar?

12. Psychological (a)                        /saiˈkolədʒi/                 : về mặt tâm lý

èPsychologist (n)                                                                  : nhà tâm lí học

èPsychology (n)                                                           : tâm lí học

13. Uncertainty (n)                           /ʌnˈsɜː.tən.ti/              : sự hoài nghi

èUncertain (a)                                

14. Tense (v) (a)                                /tens/                                 : căng thẳng

èTension (n)

Ex: We laughed and that helped case the tension

15. Technique (n)                                       /tekˈniːk/                         : kĩ thuật

èTechnical (a)                                                              : thuộc về kĩ thuật

èTechnician (n)                                                            : kĩ thuật viên

èTechnology (n)                                                           : công nghệ học

16. Fail (v)                                        /feil/                                     : thất bại

èFailure (n)                                                                  : sự thất bại

17. Attract (v)                                   /əˈtrӕkt/                          : thu hút

èAttraction (n)                                                             : sự thu hút

èAttractive (a)                                                                           : quyến rũ

18. Satisfy (v)                                   /ˈsӕtisfai/              : thỏa mãn

èSatisfaction (n)                                                           : sự thỏa mãn

èSatisfactory (a)                                                          : thỏa đáng

èSatisfactorily (adv)                                                    : một cách hài lòng

19. Venture (n + v)                           /ˈventʃə/                           : việc mạo hiểm

20. Feat (n)                                       /fiːt/                                     : kì công

21. Name after                                                               : đặt theo tên

22. Gravity (n)                                 /ɡreiv/                               : trọng lực

Speaking:

23. Launch (v)                                 /loːntʃ/                               : phóng lên

24. Milestone (n)                               /'mailstoun/                 : sự kiện quan trọng

25. Project (n)                                   /ˈprodʒekt/                   : dự án

26. Carry out (v)                                                           : thực hiện

27. Satellite (n)                                                              : vệ tinh

28. Artificial (a)                                /aːtiˈfiʃəl/                        : nhân tạo

èArtificialize (v)                             

Listening:

29. Crew (n)                                     /kruː/                                  : phi hành đoàn

30. Congress (n)                               /ˈkoŋɡres/                      : quốc hội

31. Mission (n)                                  /ˈmiʃən/                            : sứ mệnh, nhiệm vụ

32. Challenge (n)                              /ˈtʃӕlindʒ/                      : sự thách thức

è Challenger (n)                                                           : người thách đấu

33. Reminder (n)                              /rəˈmaində/                   : điều làm nhớ lại

34. NASA: Cơ quan hàng không và vũ trụ Hoa Kì (national Aeronautics and Space Administration)

Writting:

35. To set foot (v)                                                                   : đặt chân lên

36. Appoint (v)                                 /əˈpoint/                      : chỉ định

37. Vice chairman (n)                                                   : phó chủ tịch

38. Committee (n)                                      /kəˈmiti/                          : ủy ban chấp hành

39. Investigate (v)                                      /inˈvestiɡeit/                                : điều tra

èInvestigation (n)

40.Disaster (n)                                  /diˈzaːstə/                       : thảm họa

41. Leap (n)                                               /liːp/                                    : bước nhảy, bước tiến

B – Practice:

I. Word form:

  1. How many spacecrafts have ______________ the moon?                         (orbit)
  2. This orange contains no _______________ flavorings.                    (artificially)
  3. The champion and the ______________ meet next week.                          (challenge)
  4. A ____________ silence had settled over the waiting crowd.           (tension)
  5. Astronauts orbiting the earth in space capsules are _____________.         (weight)
  6.  ___________ in one examination shouldn’t stop you trying again.          (fail)
  7. He _______________ me to do it.                                                    (satisfactory)
  8. Scientific instruments have to be made with great ______________.         (precise)
  9. It’s a very ____________ feeling when you’re done a good job.                (satisfy)
  10. I find the idea of travel very _______________.                               (attract)

II. Fill in each blank with one suitable word from the box:

        disaster – conquests – astronauts – memento – space

        weightless – reminder – cosmonaut – venture – lasted

        uncertain – appoint – attractive – chairman – orbit

  1. Put it in the _____________ between the table and the wall.
  2. A new satellite has been put into _____________ around the world.
  3. Genghis khan’s military _______________ were many.
  4. The young Soviet _____________ circled the earth at the high speed.
  5. _____________ orbiting the earth in space capsules are ______________.
  6. _____________ is a small object which reminds one of holiday a friend, etc.
  7. Our holiday plans are still _____________________.
  8. May I ________________ to suggest a few improvement.
  9. He hadn’t paid the bill, so the shop sent him a _______________________.
  10. The party was an absolute _______________. – the guests all got drunk and started fighting with

each other.

  1. The hot weather ___________________ until September.
  2. We have decided to ________________ a new teacher.

III. Add the question tags the following statements:

  1. People should not drink and drive, _____________________?
  2. Mary has headaches quite often in the evening, ___________?
  3. Susan ought to cook it for them, _______________________?
  4. There will be plenty for everyone, ______________________?
  5. He’d save money if he went to work by bus, ______________?
  6. Remember to lock the door when you are out, _____________?
  7. Let’s got o the cinema tonight, _________________________?
  8. I’m wrong, _______________________?
  9. Don’t forget to do your homework, _____________________?
  10. Let him stay there for another two days, __________________?

C – Multiple choice:

  1.  _______ explore helps us see the earth in its true relation with the rest of the universe.

A. Each                          B. Space                        C. Moon                        D. Ocean

  1.  Armstrong became the first person to set foot on the moon.

A. step                           B. go                              C. come                          D. jog         

  1.  The planet __________ is only a tiny part of the universe, but it is the home of human beings.

A. Earth                         B. Mars                          C. Mercury                    D. Venus

  1.  Overcoming ___________ is the biggest problem for a space mission.

A. reaction                     B. speed                         C. wind                          D. gravity

  1.  On Oct. 15, 2003 Yang Liwei became the first astronaut sent ____________ space by China.

A. on                              B. over                           C. off                             D. into

  1. The most famous Soviet space was Mir, which __________ Each from 1986 to 2001.

A. went                          B. orbited                       C. flew                           D. surrounded         

  1. The word “______________” comes from Greek words that means: sailor among the stars.

A. astronaut                            B. spaceship                            C. sputnik                      D. universe

  1. Astronauts must be trained to deal with the tension during the ____________

A. weightlessness           B. spacecraft                  C, flights                        D. space flights

  1. The party was an absolute ______ - the guests all got drunk and started fighting with each other.

A. entertainment            B. disaster                      C. activity                      D. recreation

  1.  No one knew precisely what would happen to a human being in space.

A. concentration            B. extremely                  C. strictly                       D. exactly

  1.  Gagarin’s flight attracted worldwide attention and make him a hero.

A. concentration            B. promotion                 C. devotion                    D. recognition

  1.  From the window in space, Gagarin had a view of the earth that no human had before.

A. survey                       B. concept                      C. vision                        D. purpose

  1.  The first human being was orbit around _______ Earth at _______ speed of more than 17, 000 miles per hour.

A. the – the                              B. Þ – the                       C. the – a                       D. Þ – a          

  1.  There ____________________ I like to do in my free time.

A. is a number of thing                                        B. are a number of thing

C. is a number of things                                       D. are a number of things

  1.  People in tropical countries often _________ a disease which _______ the skin to turn yellow.

A. catches – cause                                                          B. catches – causes

C. catch – causes                                                  D. catch - cause

  1.  My uncle ____________ me that all I need __________ to practice regularly.

A. tell – are                    B. tell – is                      C. tells – are                            D. tells – is

  1.  Two straight lines which _________ at a point _________ an angle.

A. meets/ forms                                                    B. meet/ form

C. meet/ forms                                                      D. meets/ form

  1.  The old in my country ____________ for by their children and grandchildren.

A. are cared                             B. is cared                      C. care                           D. cares

  1.  People who (be) ______ very fat often (jog) _____________ to lose weight.

A. are – jog                    B. are – jogs                            C. is – jog                      D, is - jogs

  1.  The old house with all its beautiful furniture and pictures _____________.

A. has been sold                                                   B. have been sold

C. have sold                                                                   D. has sold

IV. Identify the error:

  1.  Help me with this difficult exercise, don’t you?

A              B                      C                           D

  1.  Both collecting books and fishing are my hobby.

                             A           B         C           D

  1.  They seldom go to the cinema on Sundays, don’t they?

A                  B                       C                      D

  1.  Mary went to Manchester last week. You wouldn’t have seen her yesterday.

           A     B                      C                     D

  1. His father doesn’t stop to spend his money on gambling, does he?

                             A       B                        C                             D

D – More reading:

Read the passage below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) that best fits each gap.

        In 1969, the first astronauts from Earth (1) _______ on the Moon. They had (2) ______ for the trip for a long time and knew their mission (3) _______ doing things that had never been done before.

        The astronauts wore special heavy boots to (4) _________ them from floating off into space. On the Moon, they had time to (5) __________ moon rocks and soil (6) ________ before returning to Earth. Those brave people, and others after them, are (7) _________ for much of the knowledge we now have about how the Moon was formed. It is (8) _________ that scientists will (9) __________ to learn more about how the galaxy was formed by studying the data (10) ________ back from the Moon.

  1. A. landed                        B. flew                           C. went                          D. ran
  2. A. managed                     B. planned                     C. prepared                    D. tried
  3. A. included                      B. involved                    C. aimed                        D. concerned
  4. A. help                            B. prevent                      C. avoid                         D. make     
  5. A. assemble                     B. get                             C. take                           D. collect
  6. A. models                        B. pieces                        C. brands                       D. samples
  7. A. prepared                     B. responsible                C. available                    D. ready
  8. A. likely                          B. able                           C. hopeful                      D. seemly
  9. A. go on                          B. keep                          C. continue                    D. keep up

I. Sentence transformation

  1. People say that Mike won the lottery last night

èIt _______________________________________________

  1. They reported that the President was going to resign soon.

èIt _______________________________________________

èThe President _____________________________________

  1. Many people believe that Chelsea will win the game.

èIt _______________________________________________

èChelsea __________________________________________

  1. Someone thinks that Jill and Jane are sisters.

èIt _______________________________________________

èJill and Jane ______________________________________

  1. Everyone expects that you will win the first prize.

èIt _______________________________________________

èYou _____________________________________________

  1. Vietnam Airlines announced that Flight VN 254 to Hanoi would be delayed.

èIt ________________________________________________

èFlight 254 _________________________________________

  1. People suppose that the shopping centre will open next month

èIt ________________________________________________

èThe shopping centre _________________________________

  1. People hope that the new policy will allow them to work shorter time.

èIt ________________________________________________

èThe new policy is ___________________________________

  1. People believe that thirteen is an unlucky number

èIt _________________________________________________

èThirteen ____________________________________________

  1. Our sun is said to be a star

èIt _________________________________________________

  1. Money is usually assumed to bring happiness

èIt _________________________________________________

èPeople _____________________________________________

  1. No one expected that he would be so successful

èIt wasn’t ____________________________________________

èHe wasn’t ___________________________________________

  1. He is said to be an honest man

èIt __________________________________________________

èThey _______________________________________________

  1. It was proved that the statement he had made was false

èThey _______________________________________________

II. Multiple choices.

  1. English is known ___________ an international language.

A. to be                       B. being                C. to have been              D. be

  1. The man was rumored _____________ still living.

A. is                                      B. to be                C. was                            D. being

  1. The President ______________ to have suffered a heart attack.

A. reported                  B. will be reported         C. was reported             D. reports

  1. It is thought that he _____________ a natural death.

A. had died                  B. died                  C. has been died             D. will die

  1. It __________ that the company is planning a new advertising campaign

A. is thought               B. thought            C. was thought              D. had thought

  1. It __________ that changes to the scheme are necessary

A. had been agreed      B. will agree                   C. has been agreed                   D. agree                

  1. Several Japanese manufacturers are reported __________ to set up plants oversea.

A. to be planned                                                B. to have been planned

C. to be planning                                               D. being planned

  1. It __________ that the drug ____________ no undesirable side – effects.

A. was claimed – was produced               B. was claimed – produced

C. is claimed – is being produced             D. claimed - produced

  1. ________ that the world will be suffering from energy crisis by the 2010s

A. People are generally agreed                 B. It generally agreed

C. It generally agrees                                D. It is generally agreed

  1. ______________ to be the richest man in the world.

A. Bill Gates      B. Bill Gates says          C. Bill Gates is               D. Bill Gates is said

Find the word that is pronounced differently from that of the others:

  1. A. thanks                        B. thick                          C. though                       D. think
  2. A. feature                        B. species                       C. decrease                     D. weather
  3. A. research                      B. machine                     C. change                       D. such

Find the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others:

  1. A. agriculture                  B. extinction                  C. environment              D. Establishment
  2. A. nature                         B. dangerous                  C. interfere                     D. devastate

Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that needs correcting:

  1. One of the most influence newspapers in the U.S is The New York Times, which is

                A          B                                           C

widely distributed throughout the world.

          D

  1. Van Cliburn who studied piano from 1951 to 1954 and won multiple awards between

                                     A                     B                              C                                         D

1958 and 1960

  1. Solar panels on the roofs of houses can create enough energy to hot or cool an entire house.

                          A                                                         B                        C                             D

  1. When to be asked to explain his mistake, the new employee cleared his throat nervously.

               A           B                                                              C                                    D

  1. He could not decide whether to get a job or studying.

                        A         B                  C                       D

Choose the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) that best completes the passage:

        If you are an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or a snarl. It has become a (11) ______ of our wasteful, throwing away society. But there seems little (12) ______, it is here to stay, and the truth is, of course, that plastics have brought enormous (13)______, even environmental ones. It is not really the plastics themselves that are the environmental evil – it is the way society chooses to use and (14) _______ them.

Almost all the 50 or so different kinds of modern plastic are made from oil, gas pr coal – non – renewable natural (15) _______. We import well over three million tones of the stuff in Britain each year and, sooner or later, most of it is thrown away. A high proportion of our annual consumption is in the form of packaging and this constitutes about seven percent by weight of our domestic refuse. Almost all of it could be recycled, but very little of it is, through the plastic recycling (16) ________ is growing fast.

        The plastics themselves are extremely energy – rich, they have a higher calorific (17) ______ than coal and one method of recovery strongly favored by the plastic manufacturers is the (18) ______ off waste plastic into a fuel.

  1.  A. symbol                     B. mark                          C. sign                           D. detail
  2.  A. evidence                             B. concern                      C. doubt                         D. likelihood
  3.  A. pleasures                  B. benefits                      C. savings                      D. profits
  4.  A. dispose                     B. store                          C. endanger                    D. abuse
  5.  A. resources                  B. processes                            C. products                    D. fuels
  6.  A. manufacture             B. plant                          C. factory                       D. industry
  7.  A. degree                       B. value                         C. demand                     D. effect
  8.  A. conversion               B. melting                      C. change                       D. replacemen

Choose the best answer to complete the sentences.

  1.  Fatimah looked down to discover a snake at her feet. When she saw it, she _________

A. screams           B. had screamed            C. screamed                             D. was screaming

  1.  Have you ever met the man ________ over there?

A. stands              B. is standing                 C. who standing             D. standing

  1.  We can’t use the sports hall yet because it _________

A. is still built      B. is still being built       C. is still building           D. is being still built

  1.  She didn’t say _______ about her job when I spoke to her.

A. everything       B. anything                    C. something                  D. nothing

  1.  Several rare species are dying ________ owing to human beings’ deforestation and careless hunting.

A. up                    B. out                                      C. away                         D. of

  1.  The population of the earth is increasing at a tremendous rate and ________ out of control.

A. it will be          B. soon will be               C. have become              D. are soon going to

  1.  You r failure is the consequence of not studying hard enough for the test.

A. cause               B. motive                       C. result                         D. status

  1.  _________, methane can be used as a fuel.

A. It is produced by the fermentation of organic matter.

B. The fermentation of organic matter is produced.

C. The production by the fermentation of organic matter.

D. Produced by the fermentation of organic matter.

  1.  Dr Seuss, _________ was Theodor Seuss Geisel, wrote and illustrated delightfully humorous books for children.

A. whose real name                           B. who had as his real name

C. with his real name                        D. his real name

  1.  * Lan: I’ve got an interview for a job next week. * Minh: _____________

A. I’m sorry to hear about that!                           B. Don’t mention it.

C. Better luck next time!                                      D. Good luck!

  1.  She was the last applicant _________________

A. interviewing              B. interviewed                C. to be interviewed                D. to interview

  1.  My uncle has five hunting dogs, _____________ is ten years old.

A. one of which             B. which one of              C. of which one              D. which of one

  1.  * Lan: __________ pass the pepper, please? * Minh: Yes, here you are.

A. Could you                 B. Do you mind             C. Would you like                   D. All are correct

Read the passage and choose the best answer:

        When I was in Scotland last year, I visited a special hydroelectric power station. It is inside a mountain. It rains a lot in the mountains of Scotland and there are huge lakes high up. The water falls down through large pipes to a generator in the power station. The energy of the moving water turns the generator and this produces electricity. A big transformer then increases the number of volts over 400.000. The electricity goes through cables to different parts of Scotland, England and Wales.

        The inside of the power station was very clean because it doesn’t burn coal or gas. It was also very quiet. I was very surprised. It was just like being in a hospital, really. I think hydroelectric power stations are much safer than nuclear power stations. They are also better foe the earth than coal or gas power stations. Some countries like Sweden and Netherlands have said they aren’t going to build any more nuclear power stations. They are going to try to make clean electricity using water or wind. I think we should do the same and spend more money in building hydroelectric power stations.

  1.  What can be the best title for the passage?

A. Future of Electricity                                        B. Electricity from water

C. Dangers of Nuclear Power                               D. Electricity in Scotland

  1. We can learn that the word “hydroelectricity” means “using ______________”

A. the energy of the water to clean the air            B. pipes to carry water

C. water power to produce electricity                            D. wind power to produce electricity

  1. Why does the writer say the hydroelectric power station is like a hospital?

A. It looks like a hospital                                              B. It is very clean and quiet

C. It has beautiful scenery                                    D. it uses a generator

  1. What is the passage mainly about?

A. The advantages of hydroelectric power stations      

B. The future of electric power stations

C. The number of electric power stations

D. The countries that have nuclear power stations

  1. What does “they” in the second sentence of the last paragraph refer to?

A. Gas power stations                      B. Coal power stations

C. Nuclear power stations                D. Hydroelectric power stations

WORD FORM:

  1.  (pollute)              Human beings are destroying the air by adding ___________ to it.
  2.  (serve)                 A politician should be a _______________ of the people.
  3.  (communicate)     Being deaf and dumb makes ______________ very difficult.
  4.  (encourage)                   This year’s sales figures are very _____________
  5.  (consumption)     The car _____________ a lot of fuel.
  6.  (possible)            She was __________ the greatest writer of her generation.

TRANSFORMATION

  1.  Mary is a famous doctor and I know her father.

=> Mary, _________________________________________

  1.  My friend lives in a villa built in 1898.

=> My friend lives in a villa that __________________________

  1.  My sister was the only one to be chosen to get the job.

=>My sister was the only one that _____________________

  1.  Elvis Presley was an American rock and roll singer. Do you know him?

=> Do you _______________________________

  1.  He has shown her twenty hats. She likes none of them.

=> He __________________________________

  1.  The couple living in the house next door are both college professors.

=> The couple who __________________________________

  1.  Faraday was a famous scientist. Many books were written about him.

=>Many books ____________________________________

  1.  I have known John for 8 years. He is one of my closest friends.

=>John, ________________________________________

THE SECOND SEMESTER TEST (2018-2019)

*Find the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others:

  1. A. accompany                 B. unify                          C. hobby                        D. simply
  2. A. danger                        B. angel                          C. anger                         D. magic
  3. A. exhaust                       B. anxious                     C. exist                          D. exact

*Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest:

  1. A. recreation                             B. entertainment            C. politician                             D. improvement
  2. A. successful                             B. relative                      C. occupied                    D. beautiful

*Error identification:

  1. A. Susan seldom goes to church on Sunday, doesn’t she?

                            A         B     C                    D

  1. Every fuel has their own particular temperature at which it begins to burn.

                       A                B                         C        D

  1. Our garden was bad damaged in last week’s storm.

                   A     B              C                     D

  1. My uncle tells me that all I need are to practice regularly.

                A               B            C        D

  1. A great deal of information storing in this computer is of top secret.

          A                                B      C                         D

*Choose the best answer to complete the passage

        Who among us doesn’t like to be entertained? The world of entertainment is the world of (11) ___. Through the centuries, tradition of dance, music and theater have developed in different ways in different places. When you think about it, all societies have (12) _________ to the wonderful world of entertainment. (13) _________ society has its own rhythms, stories and art forms. Yet each one has the power to thrill people from other places, too.

        In recent times movies, television and video have made it (14) _______ for millions of people to see the same programmes. Entertainment, (15) ___________ the flaming arrow that opened the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona to a concert by the Rolling Stones in New York, is as near as the television screen. Yet people continue to sit in circus tents, concert halls and theatres to take part in the special thrill of (16) ____________ entertainment.

  1.  A. hobby                       B. reaction                     C. excitement                 D. entertainment
  2.  A. done                         B. taken part                           C. acted                          D. contributed
  3.  A. Both                         B. Each                          C. All                                       D. Most
  4.  A. necessary                 B. important                            C. possible                     D. comfortable
  5.  A. from                         B. with                           C. by                              D. for
  6.  A. active                       B. live                            C. happy                        D. friendly

*Choose the best answer:

  1.  Our sun is said __________________

A. that to be a star                  B. to be a star                C. to have been a star    D. that is a star

  1.  There ___________ I like to do in my free time.

A. is a number of thing                                         B. are a number of thing

C. is a number of thing                                         D. are a number of things

  1.  It’s not a very serious film, but it’s good _________

A. entertainment            B. recreation                  C. pastime                     D. hobby

  1.  Two straight lines which _________ at a point ________ an angle.

A. meets/ forms             B. meet/ form                 C. meet/ forms              

  1.  He should present his ID, __________?
  2.  Do you know Kate, with ___________ my son often goes to school?
  3.  Paul: Mary, this is Mr. Baker Mary (to Mr. Baker) : __________
  4.  Lan: Let’s go to Cuc Phuong National Park * Minh: Yes, ____________. Then we can enjoy the trees, and the wildlife
  5.  Neither Sue nor her friends __________ to his party
  6.  Bob has an enormous book collection.
  7.  __________ who was elected the first woman mayor of Chicago in 1979
  8.  __________ I bought this bag
  9.  My best friend took part ________ English club last year.
  10.  I’m not really the outdoor type, I prefer indoor _________
  11.  He became an accomplished guitarist after he __________

*Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer A, B, C or D

        The habits of those who constantly play video games are very important to people working in video – game industry. If video games are going to be one of the most attractive features of future interactive systems, it is essential for producers to know what types of games to make, how best to present such games on interactive video and how to ensure that such games maintain their fascination for people. Above all, it is vital to build up detailed profiles of people who are addicted to video games.

        Until recently, the chief market for video games has been boys aged eight to fifteen. The fascination for interactive video games is seen in its purest form in this group. Video form them. Schoolwork in ignored, health is damaged and event eating habits are affected. Girls of the same age, however, are entirely different, demonstrating far greater freedom from the hold of video games. Quite simply, they can take video games in their stride, being able to play them when they want and then leave them alone.

  1.  Producers of video games are keen on ___________

A. Developing computer techniques in making such games.

B. Learning about drug to which people are addicted

C. Designing ways to change their video games into television programs

D. Finding the best ways of continuing to attract people.

  1.  The people who are most attracted to video games are ____________

A. girls between eight and fifteen                B. boys from eight to fifteen years old

C. young adult women                               D. both boys and girls between eight and fifteen

  1.  ___________ have different attitude towards playing video games.

A. adult men and women                                     B. boys and girls from eight to fifteen

C. girls and boys above fifteen                             D. girls and boys below eight

  1.  The addiction to video games can be so powerful that it can _____________

A. make people                                          B. destroy people’s instincts

C. separate boys from girls                        D. make people physically ill

  1.  Compared with boys of the same age, girls are _______________

A. less affected by video games                            B. more intelligent than boys

C. more concentrated on video games                  D. more addicted to video games

        *Give the correct forms of the words in brackets

  1.  (succeed)    _____________, he couldn’t break the record and received the silver medal.
  2.  (classify)    His idea of book ____________ is not practical.
  3.  (attract)      The opportunity to travel is one of the main _____________ of this job.
  4.  (decision)   We must act ____________ to stop the spread of the disease.
  5.  (admire)     His handling of the situation was ________________
  6.  (broad)       Travel _______________ his mind.

*Transformation:

  1.  Jane is keen on stamp collecting. Her brother is, too

è Both _______________________________________________

  1.  It was reported that many people were killed in the accident

èMany people _________________________________________

  1.  Jim hasn’t got a car. Carol hasn’t got a car, either.

èNeither ______________________________________________

  1.  It is a very big fish that the old man catches in the river.

è ____________________________________________________

  1.  People often decorate their houses on Christmas Day.

è_____________________________________________________

  1.  Her sons ring up every week. Both of them work abroad.

è_____________________________________________________

  1.  I first heard the news from Mary and Bill

èIt was ________________________________________________

  1.  Ann lost her identity card at the station. She also lost her wallet there

èAnn lost not only _______________________________________