unit 10 ecotourism

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Phillip island LANGUAGE Vocabulary

Words and phrases related đồ sộ the importance, benefi ts and principles of ecotourism

Pronunciation

Stress in words of more than thở three syllables

Grammar

Conditional sentences Types 1 and 2

SKILLS

• Reading for general ideas and specific information about the benefits and principles of ecotourism • Talking about what tourists can vì thế on an eco tour • Listening for gist and specifi c information about ecotourism • Writing a travel brochure promoting an eco tour

COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE

Problems with ecotourism in Viet Nam and Africa

Listen and read.

Travel agent: Good morning. What can I vì thế for you? Mr Collins: Good morning. We’re thinking about a trip đồ sộ nước Australia. Travel agent: Do you want đồ sộ know more about culture or nature there? Or vì thế you just want đồ sộ relax? Mrs Collins: Nature … Both of us love nature. Travel agent: In that case, I suggest an eco tour. Mrs Collins: Eco tour? What’s that? Travel agent: Well, eco tours involve travel đồ sộ areas of natural or ecological interest đồ sộ observe wildlife and learn about the environment. Ecotourism is also sustainable. Mr Collins: That sounds interesting. What can we vì thế on an eco tour? Travel agent: You can see diff erent kinds of animals lượt thích crocodiles, snakes, frogs, birds, butterfl ies and other rare animals. You can go scuba-diving and see the coral reefs. Mrs Collins: How many days vì thế we need đồ sộ vì thế all these activities? Travel agent: About four days. If you also want đồ sộ go on a camping safari, you’ll need another three days. Mr Collins: Um… I’m not sure if we can manage a week. But if we could take the sevenday tour, how much would it be per person? Travel agent: About 3,000 dollars, including airfare. Mr Collins: OK, thanks for your help. We’ll think about it and come back tomorrow. Travel agent: Another thing … if you book early and pay two months before departure, you’ll get a two per cent discount. Mrs Collins: Sounds good! Thanks for letting us know. Goodbye.

Answer the questions about the conversation.

1. Why does the travel agent suggest an eco tour đồ sộ Mr and Mrs Collins? 2. What does ecotourism mean? 3. What are some ecotourism activities in Australia? 4. How much would Mr and Mrs Collins have đồ sộ pay for two people if they took a seven-day tour? 5. What does the travel agent offer đồ sộ Mr and Mrs

Collins if they book early and pay two months before departure?

Find the conditional sentences in the conversation and write them in the space below.

Work in pairs. Underline the verbs in the conditional sentences in . Decide whether they are type or type .

How vì thế we size adjectives from nouns or verbs? Use a dictionary and complete the table.

Nouns / Verbs + suffi xes Adjectives

1. culture (n) + -al cultural

2. nature (n)

3. environment (n)

4. ecology (n)

5. interest (v)

6. sustain (v)

7. relax (v)

Complete the following sentences, using the adjectives in .

1. A ___________ forest is a forest where trees that are cut are replanted and the wildlife is protected. 2. It was quite ___________ đồ sộ spend a week on a camping trip with friends in the open air. 3. When you take part in an eco tour, you learn more about the ___________ traditions of the local people and the ___________ habitat of some rare animals. 4. Cutting down trees or hunting wild animals may upset the ___________ balance of an area. 5. Mass tourism may cause ___________ problems such as pollution, water shortages, or an increase of waste. 6. I am very much ___________ in learning more about ecotourism and its benefi ts.

Listen and put a mark ( ) before the syllable with the primary stress.

a. sustainable b. preservation c. environment d. environmental e. ecology f. ecological g. relaxation h. scuba-diving i. ecotourism j. eco-friendly

Listen again and repeat the words in g p .

Do you know ...? Words ending in /-tion /, /-ic /, /-ical/, /-ial/ and /-ity/ have primary stress on the syllable before these endings. Some long words may have secondary stress ( ), which is less loud than thở the primary stress ( ), e.g. conservation popularity

Complete the sentences, using the correct forms of the verbs in the box. You can use a modal verb in the main clause if necessary.

fail pay go eat get Call leave get

1. If Alice __________ for Ha Noi at 3 o’clock, she’ll be there by 10.30. 2. We __________ đồ sộ school on time if the bus is late again. 3. My parents might be sad if I __________ the exam. 4. You __________ a discount if you pay for the trip in advance. 5. If you __________ for an eco tour, part of your money will be used for wildlife protection. 6. If it doesn’t rain, we __________ in the garden. 7. I’m sure he __________ you if he doesn’t see you at the buổi tiệc nhỏ. 8. You __________ out with your friends if you fi nish your homework before 7 o’clock.

Put the verbs in brackets in the correct size.

1. I (be) surprised if you (fail) the exam. You’re working sánh hard. 2. We (help) you đồ sộ vì thế the housework if we (have) time. 3. John and Ann (feel) disappointed if nobody (come) đồ sộ their buổi tiệc nhỏ. 4. If I (need) money đồ sộ buy a dictionary, you (lend) bu some? 5. If you (throw) plastic bags into the sea, the fi sh (eat) them and (die). 6. You (cause) a forest fi re if you (make) a campfi re and then (leave) it unattended. 7. The birds (be) scared and (fl y) away if the birdwatchers (make) loud noises. 8. I (take) the máy vi tính back đồ sộ the cửa hàng if you (not know) how đồ sộ fi x it.

Do you know ...?

- Conditional sentences Type 1 are used đồ sộ talk about present or future activities or events that are real or very probable. - Diff erent modal verbs can be used in the main clause.

If-clause Main clause

present tense will / may / might / can

Examples: - If you have a birthday buổi tiệc nhỏ, you’ll get lots of presents. (probability) - If the weather is warm, we may / might go đồ sộ the park. (possibility) - If the weather is warm, you can go đồ sộ the park. (permission)

Match the fi rst part in column A with the second part in column B đồ sộ complete the unreal conditional sentences (Type 2).

Put the verbs in brackets in the correct size.

A B

1. If Kim (live) in the countryside, a. I (tell) him the truth.

2. If I (be) you, b. there (be) less air pollution.

3. If people (not, start) wars,

4. If more people (use) public transport, c. I (travel) abroad on my own.

d. she (work) on a farm with a lot of animals.

5. You (change) your appearance e. if the sun (stop) shining.

6. If I (be) 10 years older, f. the world (be) a better place đồ sộ live.

7. We (go) đồ sộ the beach g. if you (have) a chance?

8. Life on Earth (be) impossible h. if the weather (be) fi ne.

Read the situations and make conditional sentences. You can use could where possible.

1. Victor doesn’t speak English. He can’t get a good job. ⇒ If Victor spoke English, he could get a good job.

OR: If Victor could speak English, he could / would get a good job. OR: Victor could / would get a good job if he could speak English. 2. Nancy doesn’t live near the park. She can’t go running there every morning. 3. Nam can’t swim. He is not allowed đồ sộ go đồ sộ the swimming pool alone. 4. Tom doesn’t have a passport. He can’t travel abroad. 5. There are sánh many tourists visiting the national parks. The environment there is badly damaged. 6. Tourists throw litter in the river. The water is polluted. 7. These students vì thế not work hard. They can’t pass the exam. 8. Hoa’s got sánh much homework that she can’t go out with her friends tonight.out with her friends tonight.

Do you know ...?

- This type of conditional sentences is used đồ sộ talk about present or future activities or events that are not real or unlikely đồ sộ happen. - ‘Could’ can be used in either the main clause or the If-clause, or both. If-clause Main clause past tense could + bare infi nitive would could

Examples: - If I had more than thở 24 hours a day, I would be able đồ sộ vì thế more things. - If my dog could talk, he would / could tell bu what he wants.

Look at the tourist map of Costa Rica, a country in Central America. Work with a partner. Discuss what tourists can vì thế or see in Costa Rica.

Read two opinions about ecotourism. Choose the best title for them.

a. Sustainable Ecotourism and Jobs b. Pros and Cons of Ecotourism c. Ecotourism - A Solution đồ sộ Environmental Problems

Marco, an environmentalist from Costa Rica: People travel a lot more nowadays. Mass tourism has contributed đồ sộ the destruction of the environment. More and more hotels are built while forests and beaches are destroyed. A lot of waste from hotels and vehicles is also discharged into the water and air. I think ecotourism can help đồ sộ solve this problem because it is sustainable and done for the purpose of enjoying nature. Although relatively new, ecotourism is growing rapidly. The money from ecotourism goes back đồ sộ nature. How does this happen? Local governments use the money for the preservation of their national parks, and the different

species of fauna and fl ora found there. Tour guides and

travel brochures educate tourists about the protection of the environment. Tourists enjoy the beauty of wildlife without harming it. They stay with local families instead of hotels and get đồ sộ know their culture and lifestyle.

Pablo, a farmer from Costa Rica: Costa Rica is one of the world’s best ecotourism destinations. We have beautiful beaches, thick rain forests, exciting volcanoes, and exotic wildlife. Th e local government and tour guides tell us that ecotourism is good for us, but the fact is, I don’t really know what it is. But I vì thế know that when tourists come here, there are more jobs for us, and I can earn more. However, there are bad things as well. We have đồ sộ change our way of life. To entertain tourists, we have đồ sộ change our usual foods đồ sộ suit their tastes or adapt dances and traditions đồ sộ suit their needs.

Match these words with their meanings.

Words Meanings

1. discharge (v) a. all the plants of a particular area 2. fauna (n) b. exciting and unusual 3. fl ora (n) c. all the animals living in an area 4. exotic (a) d. change in order đồ sộ be suitable for the new situations

5. adapt (v) e. release

With a partner, make a list of the positive and negative eff ects of ecotourism according đồ sộ the two speakers.

Who may say these things? Tick ( ) the

appropriate boxes.

Marco Pablo

1. Ecotourism can be benefi cial đồ sộ local people. 2. Ecotourism can solve the problem of pollution. 3. Ecotourism can change local people’s way of life. 4. To build hotels, people destroy forests. 5. Tourists learn how đồ sộ protect the environment. 6. Ecotourism is something

I don’t understand very well. 7. I understand ecotourism and its benefi ts very well.

Do you agree with Marco that ecotourism can truly solve the problem of pollution? Think about what happens đồ sộ the environment when there are more visitors đồ sộ a destination.

Peter: We can explore the mysterious hiking paths in the forests, watch the birds, and look at the plants. We’ll also spend a night at an old villa built before 1954 … Hoa: Sounds great! But why is it called an eco tour? Peter: Well, on an eco tour, you’ll learn how đồ sộ respect and protect wildlife and local people’s life. Hoa: I see. What else will you do? Peter: If we have more time, we’ll visit Hue and enjoy the local food there. Hoa: If I were you, I’d visit Lang Co Beach as well. Peter: Thanks for the advice. I love swimming. We’ll think about that.

Below are three destinations for ecotourists.

Work in pairs. Choose one destination and make a similar conversation as in .

Sa Pa

Can Gio Biosphere Reserve Central Highlands

Where đồ sộ go: Sa Pa (Lao Cai Province) What đồ sộ vì thế and see: go hiking in the forest, visit Cat Cat village, enjoy the traditional life of the Black H’ Mong, watch the waterfalls, go camping in the forest What else đồ sộ do: buy handicrafts at a village market Where else đồ sộ visit: Sa Pa love market held every weekend

Read this conversation between two friends.

Then practise it with a partner.

Hoa: Hi, Peter. Packing your bag? Are you going somewhere? Peter: Yeah. We’ve booked an eco tour đồ sộ Bach Ma National Park near Hue City. Hoa: Wow! What are you going đồ sộ see or vì thế there? Where đồ sộ go: Central Highlands What đồ sộ vì thế and see: go biking in the forests, watch wildlife, go kayaking, visit Don Village, enjoy cooking and staying overnight with local ethnic families What else đồ sộ do: attend Gong culture festival in Dak Lak Province Where else đồ sộ visit: coff ee plantations đồ sộ enjoy fresh coff ee

Where đồ sộ go: Can Gio Biosphere Reserve

(Ho Chi Minh City)

What đồ sộ vì thế and see: watch birds at sunrise or sunset, take a boat đồ sộ Dam Doi đồ sộ see bats hanging on trees, watch crocodiles hunting for food What else đồ sộ do: swim in the sea, enjoy seafood Where else đồ sộ visit: Monkey Island

Work in groups. Choose one ecotourism destination in Viet Nam and prepare a presentation about what tourists can see and vì thế there. Then report đồ sộ other groups.

Suggested destinations:

Cat Ba National Park (Hai Phong City)

Xem thêm: put out là gì

Nui Chua National Park (Ninh Thuan Province)

Phu Quoc National Park (Kien Giang Province)

What vì thế you know about the Mekong Delta? Work with a partner. Look at the pictures and decide which activities tourists can vì thế there.

listening đồ sộ traditional music watching birds eating local food

riding an ostrich catching fi sh visiting an old house

Listen đồ sộ a news report and choose the caption that best summarises the main idea.

a. How the Mekong Delta became an ecotourism destination b. Famous resorts in the Mekong Delta c. Effects of ecotourism on the Mekong Delta

Listen again and answer the questions.

1. Why couldn’t Ba Duc attract more tourists đồ sộ his old house before 2000? 2. How many tourists now visit his garden every day? 3. When did Tu Binh start ecotourism activities đồ sộ attract visitors? 4. What vì thế tourists vì thế with the small fi sh they catch in Tu Binh’s fi sh pond? 5. How many tourists now visit his farm every day?

Listen again. Complete the notes about the two farmers’ ecotourism places for tourists.

1. Ba Duc’s ecological garden:

• garden area:

_______________________________ hectares

• activities for tourists:

a.

b. _________________________________

c. _________________________________ d. _________________________________

2 Tu Binh’s ecological farm:

• fi sh pond area:

______________________________ hectares

• activities for tourists: a.

b. _________________________________

c. _________________________________

Work with a partner. Which of the activities mentioned in would you enjoy doing the most if you took a tour đồ sộ the Mekong Delta?

Look at the travel brochure below and fi nd the diff erent parts. Match the numbered parts in the brochure with their nội dung.

a. Liên hệ information of the travel company

b. Information about the trip (departure time, price list)

c. Name of the destination

d. Pictures of the destination

e. Information about what visitors can vì thế or see at the destination

f. Advice on how đồ sộ be a responsible ecotourist

Work in groups. Use the information about the eco tours đồ sộ Sa Pa or Central Highlands in the Speaking section đồ sộ design a travel brochure. You can add more information and pictures đồ sộ make your brochure attractive.

Show your group’s brochure đồ sộ other groups.

Prepare a brief report đồ sộ advertise your eco tour.

Example:

Our travel brochure is about an eco tour đồ sộ Can

Gio Biosphere Reserve. The tour leaves Hồ Chí Minh City at 6 a.m. and gets back at 6 p.m.. The tour doesn’t cost too much: only VND 400,000 per person.

During this one-day trip, you can watch birds and see crocodiles hunting for food and bats hanging on the trees. But you need đồ sộ behave responsibly.

You should speak softly while watching the animals…

If you have a chance đồ sộ go on an eco tour, which destination in Viet Nam will you choose? Read the information about the places mentioned in this unit (Bach Ma

National Park, Sa Pa, Central Highlands, Can Gio

Biosphere Reserve, the Mekong Delta, etc.). Decide

on one place and take notes. Complete the diagram.

The most enjoyable activities on the tour:

Destination:

The benefi ts for me: The benefi ts for the environment and local people:

Work with a partner. Tell him / her about your choice of destination and give reasons.

Example:

Student A: Which destination will you choose if you have a chance đồ sộ go on an eco tour? Student B: I’ll visit … Student A: Why? Student B: Because there are a lot of enjoyable activities đồ sộ vì thế there such as … Student A: Anything else? Student B: Well, I could also benefi t a lot from the tour. I could learn …

Look at the pictures and discuss how the tourism activities in each one may aff ect the environment.

Use the words or expressions below.

- break tree branches - cut down trees - be in danger of extinction - cause (air, water, land,…) pollution - cause a forest fi re - leave litter after the picnic

a. relaxing on the beach b. camping in the forest c. hunting

Read two articles about some problems with ecotourism in Viet Nam and Africa. Then match the titles with the articles. One title is extra.

a. Ecotourism: Development or Damage? b. Sustainable Ecotourism c. Is It Really Ecotourism? 1. Viet Nam’s natural and cultural potential for ecotourism is well known. However, eco tours in Viet Nam involve mainly travel đồ sộ natural places and the activities are not based on the ecotourism principles. In Ha Long Bay, for example, tourists just visit the cất cánh and some caves, without learning about the environment or taking part in any local cultural activities. In addition, in some national parks, tourists are not fully aware of environmental protection. If they throw rubbish or break tree branches, they are not fi ned. As a result, some tourist areas have suff ered from some environmental damage. What’s more, most tour guides have poor knowledge of the ethnic culture. Therefore, ecotourists have little or no understanding of Viet Nam’s cultural diversity.

2. Many African countries, with their numerous national parks and safaris, have benefited from ecotourism. However, ecotourism activities have had some negative impacts on the environment and people there. One of the worst impacts is the massive loss of land. Parks and game reserves require vast land, and the local people’s best pasture lands have been taken away. In Kenya, the tourism industry has employed better educated people from other countries. As a result, ecotourism has not provided more jobs for the local people. In Tanzania, hunting in some game reserves is allowed. Camping requires fi rewood for cooking and heating. These activities have caused danger and harm đồ sộ the environment.

Below are some principles of ecotourism.

Put a cross if it has not been applied, and write NG (Not given) if the articles don’t mention it. Principles of ecotourism Viet Nam Africa

a. Reduce the impact of tourism activities on the local nature and culture. b. Increase tourists’ environmental and cultural awareness and respect. c. Provide fi nancial benefi ts for the conservation of local destinations. d. Provide fi nancial benefi ts for local people. e. Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts.

Work in pairs. Discuss what should be done đồ sộ restrict the harm or damage tourists may cause đồ sộ the environment and local people in

Viet Nam and Africa.

Say the words aloud. Put a stress mark ( ) before the syllable with the primary stress in each word. If necessary, use a dictionary đồ sộ help you.

activity conservation traditional destination economic economical understanding degradation

Complete these sentences, using the words in the box. Make changes where necessary.

exotic environment impact ecology destination conservation

1. If you’re interested in wildlife ______________, you should go on an eco tour. 2. Top _____________ for ecotourism are usually national parks, forests or rural areas. 3. There could be both positive and negative __________________ of tourism activities on the

______________ . 4. Water pollution and scuba-diving activities can harm the _______________ of the coral reefs. 5. We can fi nd lots of diff erent _______________ fl owers at the fl ower festival this year.

Make conditional sentences Type 1 from the cues given and create a story.

1. ( ⇒ be late for class) 2. ( ⇒ miss the lesson)

3. ( ⇒ not vì thế the test well) ______________________ 4. ( ⇒ feel very sad) _____________________________ 5. ( ⇒ go đồ sộ the gym) ___________________________ 6. ( ⇒ keep fi t) _________________________________ 7. ( ⇒ look attractive) ___________________________ 8. ( ⇒ be very happy) ___________________________

Rewrite the sentences using conditional sentences Type 2.

Example:

You’re under 18, sánh you can’t drive a siêu xe. ⇒ If you were over 18, you could drive a siêu xe.

1. I can’t swim, sánh I’m not going scuba-diving with you.

2. I want đồ sộ go on an eco tour đồ sộ Phu Quoc

National Park, but I don’t have any holiday.

3. Sue doesn’t have Tony’s gmail address. She can’t send him a message.

4. I could make a cake for you, but there aren’t any eggs in the fridge now.

5. Phong doesn’t have enough money sánh he can’t travel abroad.

6. I don’t drive too close đồ sộ the animals on safari.

They don’t get scared.

7. I can’t go đồ sộ the concert because I have a lot of homework đồ sộ vì thế.

8. Nam doesn’t have a camera, sánh he can’t take pictures of his trip.

What does the if-clause in each sentence mean? Write a sentence with is, isn’t or might đồ sộ explain it.

1. If your test score was high, your father could give you a reward. ⇒

2. If your test score is high, your father will give you a reward. ⇒

3. If my computer was working, I would send her an gmail right away.

4. If it snows tonight, you can’t go out. 5. If this golden block is made of pure gold, we’ll be rich.

6. If my father were here now, he’d know how đồ sộ fi x this bicycle.

7. If the air was not polluted, our quality of life would be better.

8. If John calls, can you take a message for me?

Work in groups of 8 đồ sộ 10. Carry out a survey đồ sộ fi nd out who in your group has been on an eco tour and who has never been on one. Use the following survey table as a guide.

Student’s name Has been on an eco tour Has never been on an eco tour

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Xem thêm: dđoạn văn

10.

Where? When? Enjoyed it? Wants đồ sộ go? If yes, where? If no, why?

Present your group’s fi ndings đồ sộ the whole class. NOW YOU CAN

► Talk about ecotourism, its benefi ts and principles ► Pronounce words of more than thở three syllables with correct stress patterns ► Use conditional sentences Types 1 and 2 đồ sộ talk about present or future activities and events that are real/probable or unreal/not probable ► Write a travel brochure for an eco tour